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Wetlands Ecology and Management

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 121–134 | Cite as

The role of salt marshes in the Mira estuary (Portugal)

  • M.J. Costa
  • Fernando Catarino
  • Alexandre Bettencourt
Article

Abstract

The Mira estuary is a narrow entrenched pristine estuary of the Ria type, about 30 km long. It comprises an area of 285 ha of salt marsh, of which250 ha have been proposed for reclamation for aquaculture. Dredging, village and recreation development menace the yet undisturbed estuarine ecosystem. To assess the biological importance of this wetland, a multidisciplinary study was conducted in apart of the salt marsh, considered as being representative of the whole area. Halophytic vegetation covering 75% of the total salt marsh site is dominated by Spartina maritima (28% of total vegetation area). Total primary production attains63,766 kg/yr (dw). A net export of 1541 kg/yr of COM to the relatively oligotrophic adjacent waters was also found. Insects and birds are described for the first time in the saltmarsh. Macrobenthic communities are dominated by Hediste diversicolor, Nepthys caeca and Scrobicularia plana. The fiddler crabUca tangeri attains here its north distribution limit. The mud flats and creeks associated with the salt marsh act as a nursery for 40.8% of the fish species present. The food web is dominated by detritivorous species like the grey mullets. The results obtained in this study support the need for an effective conservation of this area.

food web import-export nursery outwelling primary production 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.J. Costa
    • 1
  • Fernando Catarino
    • 1
  • Alexandre Bettencourt
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências, Instituto de OceanografiaUniversidade de Lisboa, Campo GrandeLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Dep. EcologiaUniversidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

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