Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 419–427 | Cite as

Seasonal Variations in Abundance and Size Composition of the Lobate Ctenophore Bolinopsis Mikado (Moser) in Tokyo Bay, Central Japan

  • Tomoyuki Kasuya
  • Takashi Ishimaru
  • Masaaki Murano


Surveys of the abundance and size composition of the ctenophore Bolinopsis mikado were conducted in Tokyo Bay over a 5-year period from 1990 to 1994. B. mikado appeared throughout the year, and its mass occurrence was observed between August and November; annual maximum abundance ranged from 19 to 91 ind. m−2. Water temperature seems to influence the seasonal variation of B. mikado abundance. Environmental conditions (e.g. rough waters due to a typhoon) and predation by the beroid ctenophore Beroe cucumis appear to affect annual variations of B. mikado abundance. Size frequency distributions of B. mikado indicated that its reproduction was most active in summer and fall but occurred throughout the year in Tokyo Bay. A sharp decline of the copepod population in August 1990 was probably due to predation by B. mikado which was very abundant at that time; its predatory impact was estimated to be 24 % day−1.

Ctenophora Bolinopsis mikado abundance Tokyo Bay copepod 


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Copyright information

© The Oceanographic Society of Japan 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoyuki Kasuya
    • 1
  • Takashi Ishimaru
    • 2
  • Masaaki Murano
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ocean SciencesTokyo University of FisheriesTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Ocean SciencesTokyo University of FisheriesTokyoJapan

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