Journal of Near-Death Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 15–29 | Cite as

Different Kinds of Near-Death Experience: A Report on a Survey of Near-Death Experiences in Germany

  • Hubert KnoblauchEmail author
  • Ina Schmied
  • Bernt Schnettler


This article provides a short summary of a representative survey on near-death experiences (NDEs) in Germany, which is the first of its kind in Europe. We tested several assumptions derived from previous research on NDEs, including the assumptions of a unified pattern of experience, the universality of the pattern, and the necessary link between NDEs and clinical death. We received replies from more than 2,000 persons, 4 percent of whom reported NDEs. The patterns of the NDEs did not seem to correspond to earlier findings: aside from being much more diverse, they also differed with respect to cultural variables, particularly the difference between religious interpretations and the differences between post-socialist East Germany and West Germany.

sociology of near-death experience surveys Europe Germany cultural comparison 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hubert Knoblauch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ina Schmied
    • 2
  • Bernt Schnettler
    • 3
  1. 1.University of ZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene, Freiburg i. Br.Germany
  3. 3.University of KonstanzGermany

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