Advertisement

Natural Hazards

, Volume 23, Issue 2–3, pp 121–135 | Cite as

Geophysical Hazard for Human Health in the Circumpolar Auroral Belt: Evidence of a Relationship between Heart Rate Variation and Electromagnetic Disturbances

  • Sergey Chernouss
  • Antoly Vinogradov
  • Elvira Vlassova
Article

Abstract

Geomagnetic storms are a natural hazard tohuman health in the Auroral Belt of the Circumpolar.Geomagnetic disturbances in space, and the associated short-term variations in the atmosphere and the geophysical environment,provoke a disturbance of nervous and cardiovascular systems in the human body. The Heart Rate Variability (HRV) method providesa momentary response of human organisms toshort-term geophysical perturbations related to the Polar Aurora. A pilot project was performed in the Murmansk region in 1997–1999 with a contemporaneous series of records for both HRV in a test group of local inhabitants and the variations of natural geomagnetic fields.A correlation between geomagnetic disturbances and heart rate was calculated and different reactions of people on geophysical impact were shown. The special group of `Aurora Disturbance Sensitive People' (ADSP) was revealed. Aninternational study, aimed atevaluation of the impact on human health due to exposure of northern populations to the geophysical risk factor (GRF) in the Circumpolar areas located under the Aurora Belt, is needed.

Geomagnetic perturbations geophysical hazard cardiovascular system public health Auroral Belt Circumpolar heart rate variation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alekseeva, T. I.: 1998, Human Adaptation in Different Ecological Niches of the Earth (Biological Aspects), MIEPI, Moscow, 280 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Atlas of Temporal Variations of Natural, Anthropogenic and Social Processes. Vol. 2: Cyclical Dynamic in the Nature and the Society: 1998, Scientific World, Moscow, 432 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Baevsky, R. M.: 1970, Physiological Measurements in Space and Problem of Their Automatization, Nauka, Moscow, 220 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Baevsky, R. M.: 1984, Mathematical Analyses of Heart Rhythm Under Stress, Nauka, Moscow, 221 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  5. Belisheva, N. K., Popov, A. N., Petukhova, N. V., Pavlova, L. P., Osipov, K. S., Tkachenko, S. E., and Baranova, T. I.: 1995, Qualitative and quantative evaluation of the effect of geomagnetic field variations on the functional state of the human brain, Biophysics 40(5), 1007–1014.Google Scholar
  6. Chernouss, S. A., Fedorenko, Yu. V., Mizun, Yu. G., and Porina, L. A.: 1997a, Studies of cardiac rhythm parameters dependence on geomagnetic disturbances, in AMAP International Symposium on Environmental Pollution in the Arctic, Tromsö, Norway, 1-5 June, 1997. Extended Abstracts, Vol. 1, University of Tromsö, Tromsö, p. 257.Google Scholar
  7. Chernouss, S. A., Fedorenko, Yu. V., Galtsova, T. A., and Porina, L. A.: 1997b, Analyses of the heart rhythm variation as a method for evaluation of effect of geophysical perturbations on human organism, in V. Ye Ivanov (ed.), Instruments and Technique of Geophysical Experiment, PGI KSC RAS, Murmansk, pp. 141–147 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Chernouss, S. A., Kuznetsova, M. A., Fedorenko, Yu. V., Vlassova, E. Yu., and Vinogradov, A. N.: 1999, Experimental possibilities for evaluation of influence of geophysical environment on human health in the Arctic, in Y. A. Izrael, G. V. Kalabin, and V. V. Nikonov (eds), Anthropogenic Impact on Nature of the North and its Ecological Consequences, INEP KSC RAS, Apatity, pp. 158–171 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Chizhevskii, A. L.: 1915, Periodical influence of Sun activity on the Earth's biosphere, Proc.Moscow Archeological Institute, Moscow, pp. 292–304 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Chizhevskii, A. L.: 1938, Les epidemies et les perturbations electromagnetiques du milieu exterieur, Hippocrate, Paris, 238 p.Google Scholar
  11. Chizhevskii, A. L.: 1973, Zemnoe ekho solnechnyh burr (The Earth's echo of solar storms), Mysl', Moscow, 349 pp (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Degtyarev, G. N.: 1995, “Hålciter” i stållet för blod, Econord Magasin (2-3), 16–17.Google Scholar
  13. Deryagina, L. E. and Ruvinova, L. G.: 1999, Changes in the hormonal regulations of migrants of the Russian North, Barents Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety 2(1), 16–17.Google Scholar
  14. Deryagina, L., Tsyganok, T., and Dobrovitsky, A.: 1998, Mathematical Methods for the Heart Rhythm Study, Archangelsk State Medical Academy, Archangelsk, 26 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  15. Feldstein, Y. I. and Starkov, G. V.: 1967, Dynamics of Auroral Belt and polar geomagnetic disturbunces, Planet. Space Sci. 15(2), 209–229.Google Scholar
  16. Hassi, J.: 1998, Oulu Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Barents Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety 1(1), 19–20.Google Scholar
  17. Malik, M. (ed.): 1996, Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and The North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology: Heart rate variability standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use, Europ. Heart J. 17, 353–381.Google Scholar
  18. Imhof, W. L. et al.: 1995, The Polar Ionospheric X-ray Imaging Experiment (PIXIE), Space Sci. Rev. 71, 385–408.Google Scholar
  19. Mizun, Yu. G.: 1994, Magnetic Storms and Health, Ecology and Health, Moscow, 176 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Moiseeva, N. I. and Lybitsky, R. E.: 1986, Influence of Heliogeophysical Factors on Human Organism, Nauka, Leningrad, 136 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. Polar R-R Recorder: 1997, Operating Instructions, Polar Electro Oy, Oulu, 12 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Ptitsyna, N. G., Villoresi, G., Dorman, L. I., Iucci, N., and Tyasto, M. I.: 1998, Natural and technogenic low-frequency magnetic fields as a potential health hazard, Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 168(7), 767–791 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. Ptitsyna, N. G., Villoresi, G., Tyasto, M. I., Iucci, N., and Dorman, L. I.: 1995, Possible effect of geomagnetic disturbances on the incidence of traffic accidents (St. Petersburg 1987-1989), Physica Medica XI(3), 93–101.Google Scholar
  24. Ruksin, V., Pivovarov, V., Kudashev, V., and Fedchenko, E.: 1998, Standardisation and monitoring of the heart rhythm spectral parameters, Terra Medica 1(10), 2–7.Google Scholar
  25. Sandahl, I.: 1997, The influence of space variations on the biogeosphere, Phys. Chem. Earth 22(7-8), 777–781.Google Scholar
  26. Tkachev, A. V. and Klyarkina, I. M.: 1997, Physiological reasons of hormone, metabolic and immunological changes in the human organism in the Europian North, Proc. Komi Sci. Centre, Syktyvkar, pp. 6–17 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  27. Villoresi, G., Kopytenko, Y. A., Ptitsyna, N. G., Tyasto, M. I., Kopytenko E. A., Iucci, N., and Voronov, P. M.: 1994, The influence of geomagnetic storms and man-made magnetic disturbances on the incidence of myocardial infarction in St. Petersburg (Russia), Physica Medica X(4), 107–117.Google Scholar
  28. Vinogradov, A. N.: 1996, Geophysical environment in the Circumpolar areas, north-south migration of people and public health: Current challenges in the Russian north, in Occupatiuonal Health and Safety in Progress, Northern-Baltic-Karelian Regional Symposium, 12-14 August, 1996, Lapeenranta, Finland, Abstracts, FIOH, Helsinki, pp. 115–116.Google Scholar
  29. Vinogradov, A., Vlassova, E., and Chernouss, S.: 1999, Geophysical environment in the Aurora Belt and public health: Challenges and tools for evaluation of impact, in M. Lange, B. Bartling, and K. Grosfeld (eds.), Global Changes and the Barents Sea Region. Poceedings of the First International BASIS Research Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, 22-25 February, 1998, Institute for Geophysics, University of Münster, Germany, pp. 360–361.Google Scholar
  30. Vlassova, E. Yu.: 1998, Occupational health and safety in the Kola Science Centre, Barents Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety 1(1), 6–7.Google Scholar
  31. Vlassova, E. Yu., Chernouss, S. A., Vinogradov, A. N., and Rintamäki, H.: 1998, Heart rate variability method as an new tool to estimate response of human organism on cold: pilot experiment by Russian ‘Kardioanalyzator VR’ in the climatic chamber of ORIOH, Barents Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety 1(3), 88–90.Google Scholar
  32. Vlassova, E., Chernouss, S., Kuznetsova, M., and Rintamäki, H.: 1999, The role of the autonomic nervous system in individual response to meteorological and geophysical factors, in R. Dear, J. Johnson, and J. Potter (eds), Biometeorology and Urban Climatology at the Turn of the Millennium. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Biometeorology & International Conference on Urban Climatology, 8-12 November, 1999, Sydney, Australia, Macquarie University, Sydney, pp. 178–179.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey Chernouss
    • 1
  • Antoly Vinogradov
    • 1
  • Elvira Vlassova
    • 1
  1. 1.Polar Geophysical Institute and Centre of Human Adaptive PowerKola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of SciencesApatityRussia

Personalised recommendations