Advertisement

Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 145–168 | Cite as

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Delinquency: DF Analysis of NLSY Kinship Data

  • Joseph Lee Rodgers
  • Maury Buster
  • David C. Rowe
Article

Abstract

This paper follows earlier research (Rowe et al., 1992) in evaluating the basis of family influences on adolescent delinquent behavior. Delinquency is measured in a number of different ways to account for important theoretical distinctions that exist in the delinquency literature. We use recently identified kinship structure in a large national data set—the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth—to estimate genetic and shared environmental influences on self-reported delinquency scores. Our analytic model is based on DF analysis, a regression procedure used to estimate parameters reflecting genetic and environmental influence. Results suggest a consistent and moderate genetic basis to sibling similarity in delinquency and little evidence of a shared environmental basis. A large amount of variance is attributable to nonshared influences and/or measurement error. Our findings suggest that the search for environmental influences on adolescent delinquency should focus on those that are not shared by siblings.

delinquency genetic influences DF analysis heritability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Bjornsdottir, A. (1996). Gender Differences in Mathematics: Genetic and Environmental Influences with Special Emphasis on High and Low Ability, Doctoral dissertation, University of Oklahoma, Norman.Google Scholar
  2. Buster, M., and Rodgers, J. L. (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on alcohol use: DF analysis of NLSY kinship data. J. Biosoc. Sci. 32: 177–189.Google Scholar
  3. Cadoret, R. J. (1978). Evidence for genetic inheritance of primary affective disorder in adoptees raised apart from alcoholic biologic relatives. Am. J. Psychiatry 133: 463–466.Google Scholar
  4. Cadoret, R. J., Cain, C. A., and Crowe, R. R. (1983). Evidence for gene-environment interaction in the development of adolescent antisocial behavior. Behav. Genet. 13: 301–310.Google Scholar
  5. Cherny, S. S., Cardon, L. R., Fulker, D. W., and DeFries, J. C. (1992). Differential heritability across levels of cognitive ability. Behav. Genet. 22: 153–162.Google Scholar
  6. Cherny, S. S., DeFries, J. C., and Fulker, D. W. (1992). Multiple regression of twin data: A model-fitting approach. Behav. Genet. 22: 489–497.Google Scholar
  7. Christiansen, K. O. (1977). A preliminary study of criminality among twins. In Mednick, S. A., and Christiansen, K. O. (eds.), Biosocial Bases of Criminal Behavior, Gardner, New York, pp. 89–108.Google Scholar
  8. Cloninger, C. R., and Gottesman, I. I. (1987). Genetic and environmental factors in antisocial behavior disorders. In Mednick, S. A., Moffitt, T. E., and Stack, S. A. (eds.), The Causes of Crime: New Biological Approaches, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 92–109.Google Scholar
  9. Cyphers, L. H., Phillips, K., Fulker, D. W., and Mrazek, D. A. (1990). Twin temperament during the transition from infancy to early childhood. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 29: 392–397.Google Scholar
  10. Daniels, D. (1986). Differential experiences of siblings in the same family as predictors of adolescent sibling personality differences. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 51: 339–346.Google Scholar
  11. DeFries, J. C., and Fulker, D. W. (1985). Multiple regression analysis of twin data. Behav. Genet. 15: 467–473.Google Scholar
  12. Elliott, D., Huizinga, D., and Ageton, S. (1985). Explaining Delinquency and Drug Use, Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  13. Fulker, D. W., Cardon, L. R., DeFries, J. C., Kimberling, W. J., Pennington, B. F., and Smith, S. D. (1991). Multiple regression analysis of sib-pair data on reading to detect quantitative trait loci. Read. Writ. Interdisc. J. 3: 299–313.Google Scholar
  14. Gottesman, I. I., Carey, G., and Hanson, D. R. (1983). Pearls and perils in epigentic psychopathology. In Guze, S. B., Earls, E. J., and Barrett, J. E. (eds.), Childhood Psychopathology and Development, Raven Press, New York, pp. 287–300.Google Scholar
  15. Hetherington, E. M., Reiss, D., and Plomin, R. (1994). Separate Social Worlds of Siblings: The Impact of Nonshared Environment on Development, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.Google Scholar
  16. Hindelang, M. J., Hirschi, T., and Weiss, J. G. (1981). Measuring Delinquency, Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  17. Jaccard, J., Turrisi, R., and Choi, K. W. (1990). Interaction Effects in Multiple Regression, Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  18. Jary, M. L., and Stewart, M. A. (1985). Psychiatric disorder in the parents of adopted children with aggressive conduct disorder. Neuropsychobiology 13: 7–11.Google Scholar
  19. Krueger, R. F., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Bleske, A., and Silva, P. A. (1998). Assortative mating for antisocial behavior: Development and methodological implications. Behav. Genet. 28:173–186.Google Scholar
  20. LaBuda, M. C., and DeFries, J. C. (1990). Genetic etiology of reading disability: Evidence from a twin study. In Pavlidis, G. T. (ed.), Perspectives on Dyslexia, Vol. 1, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  21. LaBuda, M. C., DeFries, J. C., and Fulker, D. W. (1986). Multiple regression analysis of twin data obtained from selected samples. Genet. Epidemiol. 3: 425–433.Google Scholar
  22. Lauritsen, J. L. (1993). Sibling resemblance in juvenile delinquency: Findings from the National Youth Survey. Criminology 31: 387–409.Google Scholar
  23. Lyons, M. J., True, W. R., Eisen, S. A., Goldberg, J., Meyer, J. M., Faraone, S., Eaves, L., and Tsuang, M. T. (1995). Differential heritability of adult and juvenile antisocial traits. Arch. Genet. Psychiatry 52:906–915.Google Scholar
  24. McCall, R. B. (1983). Environmental effects on intelligence: The forgotten realm of discontinuous nonshared within-family factors. Child Dev. 17: 408–415.Google Scholar
  25. Neale, M. C., and Cardon, L. R. (1992). Methodology for Genetic Studies of Twins and Families, Kluwer, Boston.Google Scholar
  26. Plomin, R. (1990). Genetic risk and psychosocial disorders: Links between the normal and abnormal. In Rutter, M. (ed.), Biological Risk Factors for Psychosocial Disorders, Cambridge, London.Google Scholar
  27. Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C., and McClearn, G. E. (1990). Behavioral Genetics: A Primer, Freeman, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Plomin, R., Chipuer, H. M., and Neiderhiser, J. M. (1994). Behavioral genetic evidence for the importance of nonshared environment. In Hetherington, E. M., Reiss, D., and Plomin, R. (eds.), Separate Social Worlds of Siblings: The Impact of Nonshared Environment on Development, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 1–32.Google Scholar
  29. Plomin, R., and Rende, R. (1991). Human behavioral genetics. In Rosenzweig, M. R., and Porter, L. W. (eds.), Annual Review of Psychology, Annual Reviews, Palo Alto, CA.Google Scholar
  30. Rodgers, J. L. (1996). NLSY youth linking algorithm, unpublished document.Google Scholar
  31. Rodgers, J. L., Kohler, H.-P., Kyvik, K. O., and Christensen, K. (2001). Behavior genetic modeling of human fertility: Findings from a contemporary Danish twin study. Demography 38: 29–42.Google Scholar
  32. Rodgers, J. L., and McGue, M. (1994). A simple algebraic demonstration of the validity of DeFries-Fulker analysis in unselected samples with multiple kinship levels. Behav. Genet. 24: 259–262.Google Scholar
  33. Rodgers, J. L., and Rowe, D. C. (1987). IQ similarity in twins, siblings, half-siblings, cousins, and random pairs. Intelligence 11: 199–206.Google Scholar
  34. Rodgers, J. L., Rowe, D. C., and Li, C. (1994a). Beyond nature vs. nurture: DF analysis of nonshared influences on problem behaviors. Dev. Psychol. 30:374–384.Google Scholar
  35. Rodgers, J. L., Rowe, D. C., and May, K. (1994b). DF analysis of NLSY IQ/achievement data: Nonshared environmental influences. Intelligence 19: 157–177.Google Scholar
  36. Rodgers, J. L., Rowe, D. C., and Buster, M. (1999). Nature, nurture, and first sexual intercourse in the USA: Fitting behavioral genetic models to NLSY kinship data. J. Biosoc. Sci. 31: 29–41.Google Scholar
  37. Rowe, D. C. (1983). Biometrical genetic models of self-reported delinquent behavior: Twin study. Behav. Genet. 13: 473–489.Google Scholar
  38. Rowe, D. C. (1985). Sibling interaction and self-reported delinquent behavior: A study of 265 twin pairs. Criminology 23: 223–240.Google Scholar
  39. Rowe, D. C. (1992). Sibling effects on substance abuse and delinquency. Criminology 30: 217–233.Google Scholar
  40. Rowe, D. C., and Britt, C. L. (1991). Developmental explanations of delinquent behavior among siblings: Common factor vs. transmission mechanisms. J. Quant. Criminol. 7: 315–332.Google Scholar
  41. Rowe, D. C., and Plomin, R. (1981). The importance of nonshared (E1) environmental influences in behavioral development. Dev. Psychol. 17:517–531.Google Scholar
  42. Rowe, D. C., and Rodgers, J. L. (1989). Behavioral genetics, adolescent deviance, and ''d.'' In Adams, G., Montemayor, R., and Bullota, T. (eds.), Biology of Adolescent Development and Behavior,Sage, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  43. Rowe, D. C., Rodgers, J. L., and Meseck-Bushey, S. (1992). Sibling delinquency and the family environment: Shared and unshared influences. Child Dev. 63: 59–67.Google Scholar
  44. Rowe, D. C., and Waldman, I. (1993). The question “How?” reconsidered. In Plomin, R., and McClearn, G. (eds.), Nature, Nurture, and Psychology, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, pp. 355–374.Google Scholar
  45. Wach, T. D. (1983). The use and abuse of environment in behavior-genetic research. Child Dev. 54: 396–407.Google Scholar
  46. Wilson, J. Q., and Herrnstein, R. J. (1985). Crime and Human Nature, Simon and Schuster, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Zieleniewski, A. M., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C., and LaBuda, M. C. (1987). Multiple regression analysis of twin and sibling data. Person. Indiv. Diff. 8: 787–791.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Lee Rodgers
    • 1
  • Maury Buster
    • 1
  • David C. Rowe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of OklahomaNorman
  2. 2.Division of Family StudiesUniversity of ArizonaTucson

Personalised recommendations