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Journal of Neurocytology

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 719–728 | Cite as

Alpha 1E subunit of the R-type calcium channel is associated with myelinogenesis

  • Suzanne Chen
  • Yu Qin Ren
  • Renjie Bing
  • Dean E. Hillman
Article

Abstract

During myelinogenesis, we found an exceedingly strong, transient expression of the α1E gene for the R-type voltage-gated calcium channel in CNS white matter. This immunoreactivity appeared in glial cells along specific pathways of the brainstem, cerebellum, and telencephalon. The reactivity followed a wave that progressed from the brainstem at P5, to the cerebellar peduncles by P8, the arbor vitae by P14, and the granular layer by P17. The reactivity-peaked about 3–4 days later and decreased gradually to become negligible in all areas before adulthood. Ultrastructural analysis confirmed that α1E immunoreactivity was located in oligodendroglial somata, their projections, paranodal wraps and loose myelin sheaths. There was a distinct association of the channel protein reactivity on oligodendroglial membranes in contact with the axon. We propose that glial projections, contacting axons, sense axonal firing through small K+ currents and open the high voltage R-type calcium channels to signal myelination.

Keywords

White Matter Calcium Channel Glial Cell Transient Expression Myelin Sheath 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne Chen
    • 1
  • Yu Qin Ren
    • 1
  • Renjie Bing
    • 1
  • Dean E. Hillman
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Otolaryngology and Physiology &Neuroscience, New York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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