Sex Roles

, Volume 44, Issue 5–6, pp 363–379

Gender and the Internet: Women Communicating and Men Searching

  • Linda A. Jackson
  • Kelly S. Ervin
  • Philip D. Gardner
  • Neal Schmitt
Article

Abstract

This research examined gender differences in Internet use and factors responsible for these differences. A sample of 630 Anglo American undergraduates completed the Student Computer and Internet Survey that contained questions about e-mail and Web use, and about potential affective and cognitive mediators of use. Based on a general model of Internet use, we predicted and found that females used e-mail more than did males, males used the Web more than did females, and females reported more computer anxiety, less computer self-efficacy, and less favorable and less stereotypic computer attitudes. Path analysis to identify mediators of gender differences in Internet use revealed that computer self-efficacy, loneliness, and depression accounted in part for gender differences, but that gender continued to have a direct effect on use after these factors were considered. Implications for realizing the democratizing potential and benefits of Internet use are discussed.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda A. Jackson
    • 1
  • Kelly S. Ervin
    • 2
  • Philip D. Gardner
    • 2
  • Neal Schmitt
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityUSA;
  2. 2.Washington State UniversityUSA

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