Novel Applications of Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Gyro-Devices

  • Manfred Thumm


The possible applications of high-power millimeter (mm) and submillimeter waves from gyro-devices span a wide range of technologies. The plasma physics community has already taken advantage of recent advances in applying high-power micro- and mm-waves generated by gyrotron oscillators in the areas of RF-plasma production, heating, noninductive current drive, plasma stabilization and active plasma diagnostics for magnetic confinement thermonuclear fusion research, such as lower hybrid current drive (8 GHz), electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) (28–170 GHz), electron cyclotron current drive (ECCD), collective Thomson scattering and heat-wave propagation experiments. Other important applications of gyrotrons are electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) discharges for generation of multi-charged ions and soft X-rays, as well as industrial materials processing and plasma chemistry. Submillimeter wave gyrotrons are employed in high-frequency broadband electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Future applications which await the development of novel high-power gyro-amplifiers include high resolution radar ranging and imaging in atmospheric and planetary science as well as deep-space and specialized satellite communications and RF drivers for next-generation high-gradient linear accelerators (supercolliders). The present paper reviews the state-of-the-art and future prospects of these recent applications of gyro-devices.

gyrotron gyroklystron electron cyclotron resonance heating ion source X-ray source electron spin resonance ceramic sintering radar linear collider 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Petelin, M.I., IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-27, 294-302 (1999)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Granatstein, V.L., B. Levush, B.G. Danly, R.K. Parker, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-25, 1322-1335 (1997).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Gapanov-Grekhov, A.V., V.L. Granatstein, eds., "Applications of high-power microwaves", Artech House, Boston, London (1994).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Thumm, M., in "Generation and application of high power microwaves", eds. R.A. Cairns and A.D.R. Phelps, SUSSP 48, Inst. of Physics Publishing, Bristol, Philadelphia, pp. 305-323 (1997).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Makowski, M., IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, PS-24, 1023-1032 (1996).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Erckmann, V., G. Dammertz, D. Dorst, L. Empacher, W. Förster, G. Gantenbein, T. Geist, W. Kasparek, H.P. Laqua, G.A. Müller, M. Thumm, M. Weissgerber, H. Wobig, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-27, 538-546 (1999).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Thumm, M., Fusion Eng. and Design, 30, pp. 139-170 (1995).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Goldenberg, A.L., G.G. Denisov, V.E. Zapevalov, A.G. Litvak, V.A. Flyagin, Radiophys. and Quantum Electronics, 39, 423-446 (1996).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Gold, S.H., G.S. Nusinovich, Rev. Scientific Instruments, 68, 3945-3974 (1997).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Thumm, M., Proc. Radio Frequency Workshop (RF 98), High Energy Density Microwaves, Pajaro Dunes, California, USA, AIP Conference Proceedings 474, 146-162 (1998) and Scientific Report FZKA 6418, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, 2000.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Felch, K.L., B.G. Danly, H.R. Jory, K.E. Kreischer, W. Lawson, B. Levush, R.J. Temkin, Proc. of the IEEE, 87, 752-781 (1999).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Dammertz, G., O. Braz, A.K. Chopra, K. Koppenburg, M. Kuntze, B. Piosczyk, M Thumm, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-27, 330-339 (1999).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Piosczyk, B., O. Braz, G. Dammertz, C.T. Iatrou, S. Illy, M. Kuntze, G. Michel, M. Thumm, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-27, 484-489 (1999).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Kasugai, A., K. Sakamoto, K. Takahashi, M. Tsuneoka, T. Kariya, T. Imai, O. Braz, M. Thumm, J.R. Brandon, R.S. Sussmann, A. Beale, D.C. Ballington, Rev. Scientific Instruments, 69, 2160-2165 (1998).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Gloubev, S.V., Yu.Ya., Platanov, S.V. Razin, V.G. Zorin, J. X-Ray Science and Technology, 6, 244-248 (1996).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Golubev, S.V., S.V. Razin, V.G. Zorin, Rev. Scientific Instruments, 69, 634-636 (1998).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Tatsukawa, T., T. Maeda, H. Sasai, T. Idehara, M. Mekata, T. Saito, T. Kanemaki, Int. J. Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 16, 293-305 (1995).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Mitsudo, S., T. Aripin, T. Shirai, T. Matsuda, T. Kanemaki, T. Idehara, Int. J. of Infrared an Millimeter Waves, 21, 661-676 (2000).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Gerfen, G.J., L.R. Becerra, D.A. Hall, R.G. Griffin, R.J. Temkin, D.J. Singel, J. Chem. Phys., 102, 9494-9497 (1995).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Link, G., L. Feher, M. Thumm, H.-J. Ritzhaupt-Kleissl, R. Böhme, A. Weisenburger, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-27, 547-554 (1999).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Feher, L., G. Link, M. Thumm, 2nd World Congress on Microwave & Radio Frequency Processing, Orlando, USA, April 2–6, 2000.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Petelin, M.I., G. Caryotakis, A.A. Tolkachev, S.V. Kuzikov, G.K. Postoenko, M.L. Tai, A.D. Yunakovsky, CP 474, High Energy Density Microwaves, ed. R.M. Phillips, The American Institute of Physics, pp. 304-315 (1999).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Blank, M., G. Danly, B. Levush, J.P. Calame, K. Nguyen, D. Pershing, J. Petillo, T.A. Hargreaves, R.B. True, J. Theiss, G.R. Good, K. Felch, B.G. James, P. Borchard, P. Calahan, T.S. Chu, H. Jory, W.G. Lawson, T.M. Antonsen Jr., Phys. of Plasmas, 6, 4405-4409 (1999).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Granatstein, V.L., W. Lawson, IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, PS-24, 648-665 (1996).Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Tatsukawa, T., A. Doi, M. Teranaka, H. Takashima, F. Goda, T. Idehara, I. Ogawa, S. Mitsudo, T, Kanemaki, Int. J. of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 21, 1155-1167 (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Thumm
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Association Euratom, FZKInstitut für Hochleistungsimpuls- und MikrowellentechnikKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Universität KarlsruheInstitut für Höchstfrequenztechnik und ElektronikKarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations