Climatic Change

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 405–417 | Cite as

Climate Shifts during the Last Century

  • K. Fraedrich
  • F.-W. Gerstengarbe
  • P. C. Werner


Fluctuations of the land surface areas covered by Koeppen climates are analysed for the 1901 to 1995 period using trends and outliers as indicators of climate shift. Only the extreme climate zones of the global Tropics and of the Tundra (with the highly correlated northern hemisphere temperature) realise statistically significant shifts and outliers. There are nosignificant trends and outliers in the fluctuating ocean-atmosphere patterns (Pacific Decadal and North Atlantic Oscillations) and the highly correlated intermediate climate zones (dry, subtropical and boreal) of the surrounding continents.


Northern Hemisphere Land Surface Climate Zone Significant Shift North Atlantic Oscillation 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Fraedrich
    • 1
  • F.-W. Gerstengarbe
    • 2
  • P. C. Werner
    • 2
  1. 1.Meteorologisches InstitutUniversität HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung e.V., TelegrafenbergPotsdamGermany

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