Testing a new small-volume technique for determining 234Th in seawater

  • C. R. Benitez-Nelson
  • K. O. Buesseler
  • M. Rutgers van der Loeff
  • J. Andrews
  • L. Ball
  • G. Crossin
  • M. A. Charette
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1010621618652

Cite this article as:
Benitez-Nelson, C.R., Buesseler, K.O., van der Loeff, M.R. et al. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry (2001) 248: 795. doi:10.1023/A:1010621618652

Abstract

Thorium-234 is a naturally occurring radionuclide that has been widely studied in ocean sciences. These studies use the disequilibrium between the soluble parent uranium-238 (T1/2 = 4.5·109 y), and its particle reactive daughter, 234Th (T1/2 = 24.1 d), to quantify the in-situ removal rates of 234Th on sinking particles. Here, we present additional experiments that test a new 2-l procedure in which 234Th is co-scavenged with a MnO2 precipitate. Unlike other techniques, this method can be easily applied at-sea with an overall precision and accuracy of ≤5%. Our experiments have sought to elucidate the effects of delaying reagent addition and precipitate filtration, differences in sample bottle types, and issues related to sample backgrounds and 234Th particulate sampling. Most of these experiments were conducted using water collected on repeated occupations of station ALOHA (22°45.0'N, 158°00.0'W), 100 km North of Oahu, Hawaii.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Benitez-Nelson
    • 1
  • K. O. Buesseler
    • 2
  • M. Rutgers van der Loeff
    • 3
  • J. Andrews
    • 2
  • L. Ball
    • 2
  • G. Crossin
    • 4
  • M. A. Charette
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OceanographyUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Department of Marine Chemistry and GeochemistryWoods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  3. 3.Alfred-Wegener InstituteBremerhavenGermany
  4. 4.Department of Forest SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations