, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 163–183 | Cite as

Patent citation analysis in a novel field of technology:An exploration of nano-science and nano-technology

  • Martin S. Meyer


This paper explores the interrelationships between science and technology in the emergingarea of nano-science and technology. We track patent citation relations at the sectoraldisciplinary,the organizational, and the combined industrial/organizational levels. Then weinvestigate the geographic location and organizational affiliation of inventor/authors. Our mainfinding is that there are only a small number of citations connecting nano-patents with nanosciencepapers, while nano-science and technology appear to be relatively well connected incomparison with other fields. Further explorations suggest that nano-science and technology arestill mostly separated spheres, even though there are overlaps, as an analysis of title words shows.Another observation is that university-assigned patents seem to cite papers more frequently thanother patents.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. De Solla Price, Is technology historically independent of science? Technology and Culture, 6(4) (1965) 553-568.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. De Solla Price, The science/technology relationship, the craft of experimental science, and policy for the improvement of high technology innovation, Research Policy, 13 (1984) 3-20.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Senker, European Policy for Technology Transfer and Wider Effects. Lecture, SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research: Brighton, UK, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Gibbons et al., The New Production of Knowledge. Sage, London, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Dosi, Technical paradigms and technological trajectories, Research Policy, 11(3) (1982) 147-162.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. E. Porter, Competitive Strategy. The Free Press, New York, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. R. Kumar, H. Thomas, A. Fiegenbaum, Strategic Groupings as competitive benchmarks for formulating future competitive strategy-a modeling approach, Managerial and Decision Economics, 11(2) (1990) 99-109.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Meyer, The emergence of developer communities in a novel field of technology: A case of Mode 2 knowledge production? Paper presented at the Spring Conference of the German Sociological Association, Section for Science and Technology Studies, Dortmund, Germany, 26-27 May 2000.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    The database used can be found at the USPTO website at htttp:// Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Bachmann, Innovationsschub aus dem Nanokosmos. Technologieanalyse. VDI-Technologiezentrum, Düsseldorf, 1998, 147.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    The software can be downloaded at Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Braun, A. Schubert, S. Zsindely, Nanoscience and nanotechnology on the balance, Scientometrics, 38 (2) (1997) 321-325.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Meyer, O. Persson, Nanotechnology-interdisciplinarity, patterns of collaboration and differences in application, Scientometrics, 47 (2) (1998) 195-205.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Meyer, Does science push technology? Patents citing scientific literature, Research Policy, 29 (2000) 409-434.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Meyer, Patent citations in a novel field of technology: What can they tell about interactions of emerging communities of science and technology? Scientometrics, 48 (2) (2000) 151-178.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. J. W. Tijssen, R. K. Buter, TH. N. Van leuwen, Technological relevance of science: validation and analysis of citation linkages between patents and research papers, Scientometrics, 26 (2000) 571-577.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. J. W. Tijssen, Science dependence of technologies: evidence from inventions and their inventors, paper submitted to Research Policy.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Hicks, 360 degree linkage analysis, Research Evaluation, 9 (2) (2000) 133-143.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Pavitt, Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory, Research Policy, 13 (1984) 343-373.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Hicks, T. Breitzman, K. Hamilton, F. Narin, Research Excellence and Patented Innovation, CHI Research, Inc., Haddon Heights, NJ, 2000, Appendix (Table 1).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin S. Meyer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Strategy and International BusinessHelsinki University of TechnologyEspoo(Finland)
  2. 2.SPRU Science and Technology Policy ResearchUniversity of SussexBrighton(United Kingdom)

Personalised recommendations