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Scientometrics

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 335–346 | Cite as

Language biases in the coverage of the Science Citation Index and its consequencesfor international comparisons of national research performance

  • Thed N. Van Leeuwen
  • Henk F. Moed
  • Robert J. W. Tijssen
  • Martijn S. Visser
  • Anthony F. J. Van Raan
Article

Abstract

Empirical evidence presented in this paper shows that the utmost care must be taken ininterpreting bibliometric data in a comparative evaluation of national research systems. From theresults of recent studies, the authors conclude that the value of impact indicators of researchactivities at the level of an institution or a country strongly depend upon whether one includes orexcludes research publications in SCI covered journals written in other languages than in English.Additional material was gathered to show the distribution of SCI papers among publicationlanguages. Finally, the authors make suggestions for further research on how to deal with this typeof problems in future national research performance studies.

Keywords

Empirical Evidence Research System Research Performance Comparative Evaluation Performance Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    R. M. May, The scientific wealth of nations, Science, 275 (Feb 7) (1997) 793-796.Google Scholar
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    E. Garfield, English–An international language for science, The Information Scientist, Dec 76, In: Essays of an Information Scientist, Vol. 1, pp. 19-20, ISI Press.Google Scholar
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    T. N. van Leeuwen, H. F. Moed, R. J. W. Tijssen, M. S. Visser, A. F. J. van Raan, First Evidence of serious language-bias in the use of citation analysis for the evaluation of national science systems, Research Evaluation, Vol. 9, August 2000, 155-156.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thed N. Van Leeuwen
    • 1
  • Henk F. Moed
    • 1
  • Robert J. W. Tijssen
    • 1
  • Martijn S. Visser
    • 1
  • Anthony F. J. Van Raan
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Science & Technology Studies (CWTS)Leiden UniversityLeiden(The Netherlands)

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