Plant uptake of major and minor mineral elements as influenced by soil acidity and liming
- Cite this article as:
- Tyler, G. & Olsson, T. Plant and Soil (2001) 230: 307. doi:10.1023/A:1010314400976
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This study reports effects on soil solution chemistry and plant uptake of 55 elements (Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Br, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Gd, Ge, Hf, Hg, Ho, K, La, Li, Lu, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pr, Rb, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm, Sr, Tb, Th, Tl, U, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn, Zr) by raising the pH using addition of fine-grained precipitated calcium carbonate at 20 rates (yielding a soil solution pH range of 5.2 – 7.8) to A horizon samples of an acid Cambisol, cultivating a common grass (Agrostis capillaris L.) and determining the soil solution, root and shoot concentrations of these elements at the end of the experiment. For many of these elements, there is little or no previous information about concentrations in soil solutions, or in plant biomass, as related to soil pH/acidity or addition of calcium carbonate. Soil solutions were obtained by high speed centrifugation and ultrafiltration (0.2 μm) of samples at 60% water-holding capacity. Concentrations of elements were determined by ICP-ES or (in most elements) ICP-MS, using isotopes specified. Soil solution pH, HCO3 and organic C were also determined.
Concentrations of elements in the biomass of A. capillaris were usually inversely related to soil solution pH. The most apparent (p<0.001) inverse, though often curvilinear, relationships between pH and concentrations in shoot biomass were measured for Ag, As, B, Ba, Eu, Ge, Li, Mn, Ni, P and Sr. Positive relationships (p<0.05) were only measured in Ca, Hg, Mg, Mo and S. For concentrations in root biomass, relationships were mostly, but not always, of the same sign and of a similar strength. Though soil solution pH and concentrations of elements were usually quite closely correlated, pH and/or HCO−3 concentration more often accounted for a higher share of the variability in biomass concentration of elements than did soil solution concentration of the same element.