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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 523–531 | Cite as

Nootkatone Is a Repellent for Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus)

  • Betty C. R. Zhu
  • Gregg Henderson
  • Feng Chen
  • Lara Maistrello
  • Roger A. Laine
Article

Abstract

We examined the behavior of Formosan subterranean termites toward one of the components of vetiver grass oil, the roots of which manufacture insect repellents. We found nootkatone, a sesquiterpene ketone, isolated from vetiver oil is a strong repellent and toxicant to Formosan subterranean termites. The lowest effective concentration tested was 10 μg/g substrate. This is the first report of nootkatone being a repellent to insects.

Vetiveria zizanioides vetiver oil sesquiterpenes ketones 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Betty C. R. Zhu
    • 1
  • Gregg Henderson
    • 2
  • Feng Chen
    • 2
  • Lara Maistrello
    • 2
  • Roger A. Laine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge

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