Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 329–346

Cognitive Development, Temperament and Behavior at 2 Years as Indicative of Language Development at 4 Years in Pre-Term Infants

  • Nina Sajaniemi
  • Liisa Hakamies-Blomqvist
  • Jukka Mäkelä
  • Anne Avellan
  • Hannu Rita
  • Lennart von Wendt
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1010238523628

Cite this article as:
Sajaniemi, N., Hakamies-Blomqvist, L., Mäkelä, J. et al. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (2001) 31: 329. doi:10.1023/A:1010238523628

Abstract

This study focuses on the early temperamental (TTQ = toddler temperament questionnaire), behavioral (IBR = infant behavior record), and cognitive precursors of impaired language functioning in preschool-age pre-terms infants. The study group consisted of 63 pre-term infants with a mean birth weight of 1246 ± 437 g born in 1989–1991 in the University Central Hospital of Helsinki. Children with major disabilities (CP or mental retardation) were excluded. At the age of 4 years, 22% showed impaired language function. Logistic regression analysis showed that the Bayley MDI score was the best predictor in identifying an increased risk for language impairment. Behavioral characteristics were more strongly associated with subsequent language impairment than temperament.

Pre-Term Infants Cognitive Performance Behavior Temperament Language Impairments 

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Sajaniemi
    • 1
  • Liisa Hakamies-Blomqvist
    • 2
  • Jukka Mäkelä
    • 3
  • Anne Avellan
    • 4
  • Hannu Rita
    • 2
  • Lennart von Wendt
    • 4
  1. 1.Helsinki University Hospital for Children and Adolescent NeurologyHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.University of HelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Child PsychiatryHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Helsinki University Hospital for Children and AdolescentsFinland

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