This paper is a personal reflection on the purpose and scope of school improvement. In explaining why in education the more things change the more they stay the same, I clarify the focus of educational reform as being powerful learning on the part of students, and then demonstrate that this occurs in contexts where content is conceptual rather than particular, where learning is constructive inquiry not passive reception, and where the social climate is expansive instead of restrictive. Such classrooms exist in schools whose organisational conditions and cultures are characterised by high expectations, collaboration and innovation. Finally I argue that equity and high standards require a coherent policy framework that emphasises process as well as substance.
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Hopkins, D. Powerful Learning, Powerful Teaching and Powerful Schools. Journal of Educational Change 1, 135–154 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010077007233
- Education Research
- High Standard
- High Expectation
- Policy Framework
- Educational Reform