Biological Invasions

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 41–57 | Cite as

Home and Away: Comparisons of Resource Utilization by a Marine Species in Native and Invaded Habitats

  • Andrew M. Lohrer
  • Robert B. Whitlatch
  • Keiji Wada
  • Yasuo Fukui


The exotic Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus, was recently introduced to the northeastern coast of North America and during the 1990's breeding populations were established throughout southern New England. In 1997–1998, ecological studies of several co-occurring brachyuran crabs were conducted and in native (Tanabe Bay, Japan) and invaded (Long Island Sound, USA) habitats of H. sanguineus. Standardized comparisons of H. sanguineus were made between the 2 habitats using data on crab sizes, utilization of space, and food habits. Results revealed that (1) the resource use of H. sanguineus was quite different from that of other resident species in its invaded habitat, and (2) there were no substantial changes in resource utilization by H. sanguineus after it became established in the invaded habitat (relative to native Tanabe Bay). Differing patterns of resource use by H. sanguineus and other crabs in the invaded habitat, the lack of restriction in resource use by H. sanguineus following its introduction, and the climatological and physical similarities between native and invaded regions likely contributed to the successful invasion of H. sanguineus into rocky intertidal habitats in southern New England.

Central Valley Desmocerus californicus dimorphus extinction invasive species Linepithema humile 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson DT (1994) Barnacles. Structure, Function, Development, and Evolution. Chapman & Hall, London, 357 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Batie RE (1983) Rhythmic locomotor activity in the intertidal shorecrab Hemigrapsus oregonensis (Brachyura, Grapsidae) from the Oregon Coast. Northwest Science 57(1): 49-56Google Scholar
  3. Beck MW (1995) Size-specific shelter limitation in stone crabs: a test of the demographic bottleneck hypothesis. Ecology 76(3): 968-980Google Scholar
  4. Berrill M (1982) The life cycle of the green crab Carcinus maenas at the northern end of its range. Journal of Crustacean Biology 2(1): 31-39Google Scholar
  5. Carlton JT (1993) A steady stream of invading organisms creates ecological roulette in New England waters. Estuarine Research Federation Newsletter 19(4): 11Google Scholar
  6. Carlton JT (1995) Forward. In: Balcom N (ed) Proceedings of the Northwest Conference on Non-Indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program, Groton, ConnecticutGoogle Scholar
  7. Carlton JT (1996) Pattern, process, and prediction in marine invasion ecology. Biological Conservation 78: 97-106Google Scholar
  8. Case TJ (1990) Invasion resistance arises in strongly interacting species-rich model competition communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 87: 9610-9614Google Scholar
  9. Cohen AN, Carlton JT and Fountain MC (1995) Introduction, dispersal, and potential impacts of the green crab Carcinus maenas in San Francisco Bay, California. Marine Biology 122: 225-237Google Scholar
  10. Colwell RK and Futuyma DJ (1971) On the measurement of niche breadth and overlap. Ecology 52: 567-576Google Scholar
  11. Depledge MH (1984) Cardiac activity in the intertidal crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (de Haan). Asian Marine Biology 1: 115-123Google Scholar
  12. Drake JA, Mooney HA, Di Castri F, Groves RH, Kruger M, Rejmanek M and Williamson M (1989) Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective. John Wiley and Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Eggleston DB (1990) Functional responses of blue crabs Callinectes sapidus Rathbun feeding on juvenile oysters Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin): effects of predator sex and size, and prey size. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 143: 73-90Google Scholar
  14. Eggleston DB, Lipcius RN, Miller DL and Coba-Cetina L (1990) Shelter scaling regulates survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 62: 79-88Google Scholar
  15. Ehrlich PR (1986) Which animal will invade? In: Mooney HA and Drake JA (eds) Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii, pp 79-85. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Ehrlich PR (1989) Attributes of invaders and the invading process: vertebrates. In: Drake JA, Mooney HA, Di Castri F, Groves RH, Kruger M, Rejmánek M and Williamson M (eds) Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective, pp 315-328. John Wiley and Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Elner RW (1981) Diet of green crab Carcinus maenas (L.) from Port Hebert, southwestern Nova Scotia. Journal of Shellfish Research 1(1): 89-94Google Scholar
  18. Elner RW and Hughes RN (1978) Energy maximization in the diet of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Journal of Animal Ecology 47: 103-116Google Scholar
  19. Elton CS (1958) The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. Methuen, London, 181 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Fernandez M, Iribarne O and Armstrong D (1993) Habitat selection by young-of-the-year Dungeness crab Cancer magister and predation risk in intertidal habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 92(1–2): 171-177Google Scholar
  21. Fukui Y (1988) Comparative studies on the life history of the grapsid crabs (Crustacea, Brachyura) inhabiting intertidal cobble and boulder shores. Publication of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 33(4–6): 121-162Google Scholar
  22. Fukui Y and Wada K (1983) Intertidal anomura and brachyura and their distributions on the south coast of Tanabe Bay. The Nanki Biological Society 25(2): 159-167Google Scholar
  23. Gerard VA, Cerrato RM and Larson AA (1999) Potential impacts of a Western Pacific grapsid crab on intertidal communities of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Biological Invasions 1: 353-361Google Scholar
  24. Grosholz ED and Ruiz GM (1996) Predicting the impact of introduced marine species: lessons from the multiple invasions of the European green crab Carcinus maenus. Biological Conservation 78: 59-66.Google Scholar
  25. Hengefeld R (1989) Dynamic of Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. Hines AH (1982) Coexistence in a kelp forest: size, population dynamics, and resource partitioning in a guild of spider crabs (Brachyura, Majidae). Ecological Monographs 52(2): 179-198Google Scholar
  27. Hobbs RJ (1989) The nature and effect of disturbance relative to invasions. In: Drake JA, Mooney HA, Di Castri F, Groves RH, Kruger M, Rejmánek M and Williamson M (eds) Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective, pp 389-405. John Wiley and Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Hulbert SH (1978) The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives. Ecology 59: 67-77Google Scholar
  29. Hutchinson GE (1957) Concluding remarks. In: Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology 22: 415-427Google Scholar
  30. Kikuchi T, Tanaka M, Nojima S and Takahashi T (1981) Ecological studies on the pebble crab, Gaetice depressus (de Haan). I. Ecological distribution of the crab and environmental conditions. Publication from the Amakusa Marine Biological Laboratory 6(1): 23-34Google Scholar
  31. Lafferty KD and Kuris AM (1996) Biological control of marine pests. Ecology 77(7): 1989-2000Google Scholar
  32. Lee SY and Seed R (1992) Ecological implications of cheliped size in crabs: some data from Carcinus maenas and Liocarcinus holsatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 84: 151-160Google Scholar
  33. Levins R (1968) Evolution in changing environments. In: Monographs in Population Ecology. Volume 2. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  34. Lindberg WJ (1980) Behavior of the Oregon mud crab, Hemigrapsus oregonensis (Dana) (Brachyura, Grapsidae). Crustaceana 39(3): 262-280Google Scholar
  35. Lohrer AM (2000) Mechanisms and consequences of an exotic crab species invasion. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, 147 ppGoogle Scholar
  36. Lohrer AM and Whitlatch RB (1997) Ecological studies on the recently introduced Japanese shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus), in eastern Long Island Sound. In: Balcom NC (ed) Proceedings of the Second Northeast Conference on Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, pp 49-60. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program, Groton, ConnecticutGoogle Scholar
  37. Lohrer AM, Fukui Y, Wada K and Whitlatch RB (2000) Structural complexity and vertical zonation of intertidal crabs, with focus on the habitat requirements of the invasive Asian shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus (de Haan). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 244: 203-217Google Scholar
  38. Lützen J and Takahashi T (1997) Sacculina polygenea, a new species of rhizocephalan (Cirrepedia: Rhizocephala) from Japan, parasitic on the intertidal crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835) (Decapoda: Brachyura: Grapsidae). Crustacean Research 26: 103-108Google Scholar
  39. McDermott JJ (1991) A breeding population of the Western Pacific crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae) established on the Atlantic coast of North America. Biological Bulletin 181: 195-198Google Scholar
  40. McDermott JJ (1992) Biology of the Western Pacific crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus, living along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States. American Zoologist 32(5): 73AGoogle Scholar
  41. McDermott JJ (1998a) The western Pacific brachyuran Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Grapsidae) in its new habitat along the Altlantic coast of the Untied States: reproduction. Journal of Crustacean Biology 18(2): 308-316Google Scholar
  42. McDermott JJ (1998b) The western Pacific brachyuran Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Grapsidae) in its new habitat along the Altlantic coast of the Untied States: geographic distribution and ecology. ICES Journal of Marine Science 55(2): 289-298Google Scholar
  43. Moksnes P-O, Pihl L and van Montfrans J (1998) Predation on postlarvae and juveniles of the shorecrab Carcinus maenas: importance of shelter, size, and cannibalism. Marine Ecology Progress Series 166: 211-225Google Scholar
  44. O'Connor RJ (1986) Biological characteristics of invaders among bird species in Britain. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 314: 583-598Google Scholar
  45. Ohgaki S, Yamanishi R, Nabeshima Y and Wada K (1997) Distribution of intertidal macrobenthos in 1993 around Hatakejima Island, central Japan, compared with 1969 and 1983–84. Benthos Research 52(2): 89-102Google Scholar
  46. Petraitis PS (1979) Likelihood measures of niche breadth and overlap. Ecology 60: 703-710Google Scholar
  47. Pillay KK and Ono Y (1978) The breeding cycles of 2 species of grapsid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) from the North Coast of Kyushu, Japan. Marine Biology 45(3): 237-248Google Scholar
  48. Reise K (1985) Tidal Flat Ecology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  49. Rejmánek M and Richardson, DM (1996) What attributes make some plant species more invasive? Ecology 77(6): 1661-1666Google Scholar
  50. Robinson JV and Dickerson JE (1987) Does invasion sequence affect community structure? Ecology 68(3): 587-595Google Scholar
  51. Ropes JW (1968) The feeding habits of the green crab, Carcinus maenas (L). US Fish and Wildlife Service, Fisheries Bulletin 67: 183-203Google Scholar
  52. Ropes JW (1989) The food habits of five crab species at Pettaquamscutt River, Rhode Island. US National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries Bulletin 87(1): 197-204Google Scholar
  53. Saigusa M and Kawagoye O (1997) Circatidal rhythm of an intertidal crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus: synchrony with unequal tide height and involvement of a light response mechanism. Marine Biology 129: 87-96Google Scholar
  54. Sakai T (1976) Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. Kodansha, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  55. Say T (1817) An account of the Crustacea of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1: 57-63Google Scholar
  56. Schoener TW (1974) Some methods for calculating competition coefficients from resource-utilization spectra. American Naturalist 108: 332-340Google Scholar
  57. Stachowicz JJ, Whitlatch RB and Osman RW (1999) Species diversity and invasion resistance in a marine ecosystem. Science 286: 1577-1579Google Scholar
  58. Suarez AV, Tsutsui ND, Holway DA and Case TJ (1999) Behavioral and genetic differentiation between native and introduced populations of the Argentine ant. Biological Invasions 1: 43-53Google Scholar
  59. Takada Y and Kikuchi T (1991) Seasonal and vertical variation of the boulder shore fauna in Amakusa. Publication from the Amakusa Marine Biological Laboratory 11(1): 1-17Google Scholar
  60. Takahashi T and Matsuura S (1994) Laboratory studies on molting and growth of the shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus de Haan, parasitized by a Rhizocephalan barnacle. Biological Bulletin 186: 300-306Google Scholar
  61. Takahashi K, Miyamoto T, Mizutori Y and Ito M (1985) Ecological studies on rocky shore crabs in Oshoro Bay. Scientific Reports of the Hokkaido Fisheries Experimental Station 27: 71-89 [in Japanese with English abstract]Google Scholar
  62. Takahashi T, Iwashige A and Matsuura S (1997) Behavioral manipulation of the shore crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus, by the rhizocephalan barnacle, Sacculina polygenea. Crustacean Research 26: 153-161Google Scholar
  63. Tilman (D) (1997) Community invasibility, recruitment limitation, and grassland biodiversity. Ecology 78: 81-92Google Scholar
  64. Vigh DA and Fingerman M (1985) Molt staging in the fiddler crab Uca pugilator. Journal of Crustacean Biology 5(3): 386-396Google Scholar
  65. Warman CG, Reid DG and Naylor E (1993) Variation in the tidal migratory behaviour and rhythmic light reponsiveness in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 73: 355-364Google Scholar
  66. Weiss HM (1995) Marine animals of southern New England and New York. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut. Department of Environmental Protection PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  67. Willason W (1981) Factors influencing the distribution and coexistence of Pachygrapsus crassipes and Hemigrapsus oregonensis (Decapoda: Grapsidae) in a California Salt Marsh. Marine Biology 64: 125-133Google Scholar
  68. Williams AB (1984) Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  69. Williams AB and McDermott JJ (1990) An eastern United States record for the Western Indo-Pacific crab, Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Grapsidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103(1): 108-109Google Scholar
  70. Williamson M (1996) Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London, 244 ppGoogle Scholar
  71. Williamson M and Fitter A (1996) The characteristics of successful invaders. Biological Conservation 78: 163-170Google Scholar
  72. Wiser SK, Allen RB, Clinton PW and Platt KH (1998) Community structure and forest invasion by an exotic herb over 23 years. Ecology 79(6): 2071-2081Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew M. Lohrer
  • Robert B. Whitlatch
  • Keiji Wada
  • Yasuo Fukui

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations