See I. Nordin: “On The Rationality of Medicine” in L. Nordenfelt & P-A Tengland: The Goals and Limits of Medicine, Stockholm 1996, p. 55, for a short discussion of the fields within medicine.
See L. Nordenfelt: “On Medicine and Other Species of Health Enhancement” in L. Nordenfelt & P-A Tengland: The Goals and Limits of Medicine, Stockholm 1996, p. 33, for a discussion of medicine and its relation to other health enhancement areas.
This is of course the expression used by E. Pellegrino & D. Thomasma in their A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford 1981.
For an overview, see P. Conrad: “Medicalization and Social Control” in Annual Review of Sociology
, 1992; 18: 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
For an explication of the concept in the technological context, see my “The rationality of technology”, Science Studies, vol. 2, p. 3.
For an explication of this term, see P-E Liss: “On the Notion of a Goal”, in L. Nordenfelt & P-A Tengland: The Goals and Limits of Medicine, Stockholm, 1996, p. 13.
Besides being an integrated part of the history of medicine, the focusing on the helpseeking individual may be of importance to the very meaning of “sickness”. Or as I. Zola explains in Socio-Medical Inquiries, Philadephia 1983, p. 56: “If sickness, judged by the prevalence of symptoms and signs, is, in fact, the rule rather than the exception in the ‘healthy’ population, then the individual's response to symptoms by seeking aid may be a more objective or operational definition of 'sickness’ than our usual clinical emphasis on the fact of symptoms and signs alone.”
For a further elaboration of this concept, see L. Nordenfelt: On the Nature of Health, Dordrecht 1987, ch. 3.
For a discussion of the need of, and possible conflicts between, different professional groups within medicine, see J. Bullington: “The Role of Different Professions in Defining the Goals of Medicine” in L. Nordenfelt & P-A Tengland:The Goals and Limits of Medicine, Stockholm 1996, p. 99.
For a discussion of the domain of health promotion/prevention, see K. Tones: “The contribution of education to health promotion”, p. 24, and R. Downie: “Health promotion: conceptual issues and ethical issues”, p. 90, in P-E Liss & N. Nikku: Health Promotion and Prevention, Linköping/Uppsala, 1994.
See for example G. Rosen: A History of Public Health, Baltimore/London, 1993.
See for example I. Kennedy: The Unmasking of Medicine, London, 1983.
The expression is taken from T. Szasz: The Therapeutic State, New York 1984.
See for example L. Edelstein: Ancient Medicine, Baltimore 1967, p. 6.
See R.H. Shryock: The Development of Modern Medicine, London 1948, pp. 246–247.
This is clearly so when it comes to “compliance”, i.e. whether the patient follows the prescriptions of the doctor or not. See for example K. Zola: Socio-Medical Inquiries, Philadephia 1983, ch. 20.