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BioControl

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 99–117 | Cite as

Results of the seventh joint pesticide testing programme carried out by the IOBC/WPRS-Working Group ‘Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms’

  • G. Sterk
  • S.A. Hassan
  • M. Baillod
  • F. Bakker
  • F. Bigler
  • S. Blümel
  • H. Bogenschütz
  • E. Boller
  • B. Bromand
  • J. Brun
  • J.N.M. Calis
  • J. Coremans-Pelseneer
  • C. Duso
  • A. Garrido
  • A. Grove
  • U. Heimbach
  • H. Hokkanen
  • J. Jacas
  • G. Lewis
  • L. Moreth
  • L. Polgar
  • L. Rovesti
  • L. Samsoe-Peterson
  • B. Sauphanor
  • L. Schaub
  • A. Stäubli
  • J.J. Tuset
  • A. Vainio
  • M. Van de Veire
  • G. Viggiani
  • E. Viñuela
  • H. Vogt
Article

Abstract

The side effect of 10 insecticides, 5 fungicides and 5 herbicides on 24 different species of beneficial organisms was tested by members of the Working Group ‘Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms’ of the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), West Palaearctic Regional Section (WPRS). The tests were conducted by 32 members in 12 countries according to internationally approved guidelines.

The microbial insecticides Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Delfin), B. thuringiensis var. tenebrionis (Novodor) and Verticillium lecanii (Micro Germin), the fungicides cyproconazol (Alto), difenoconazol (Score), lecithin (Bioblatt Mehltau) and penconazol (Omnex), and the herbicides ethofumesat (Tramat), fluroxypyr (Starane), haloxyfop (Gallant), isoproturon (Arelon) and metamitron (Goltix) were harmless to nearly all the beneficial arthropods. The benzoylurea's teflubenzuron (Nomolt) and flufenoxuron (Cascade) affected predators such as anthocorids, earwigs, coccinellids and lacewings. The remaining preparations were more toxic and should therefore be further tested in semi-field and field experiments on relevant organisms. Most tested fungicides were toxic for the entomopathogenic fungi.

beneficial arthropods entomopathogenic fungi natural enemies parasitoids predators side effects 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Sterk
    • 1
  • S.A. Hassan
    • 1
  • M. Baillod
    • 1
  • F. Bakker
    • 1
  • F. Bigler
    • 1
  • S. Blümel
    • 1
  • H. Bogenschütz
    • 1
  • E. Boller
    • 1
  • B. Bromand
    • 1
  • J. Brun
    • 1
  • J.N.M. Calis
    • 1
  • J. Coremans-Pelseneer
    • 1
  • C. Duso
    • 1
  • A. Garrido
    • 1
  • A. Grove
    • 1
  • U. Heimbach
    • 1
  • H. Hokkanen
    • 1
  • J. Jacas
    • 1
  • G. Lewis
    • 1
  • L. Moreth
    • 1
  • L. Polgar
    • 1
  • L. Rovesti
    • 1
  • L. Samsoe-Peterson
    • 1
  • B. Sauphanor
    • 1
  • L. Schaub
    • 1
  • A. Stäubli
    • 1
  • J.J. Tuset
    • 1
  • A. Vainio
    • 1
  • M. Van de Veire
    • 1
  • G. Viggiani
    • 1
  • E. Viñuela
    • 1
  • H. Vogt
    • 1
    • 1
  1. 1.Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und ForstwirtschaftInstitut für ObstbauDossenheimGermany

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