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Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

, Volume 62, Issue 2, pp 111–135 | Cite as

Symmetries, Invariance and Scaling-Laws in Inhomogeneous Turbulent Shear Flows

  • Martin Oberlack
Article

Abstract

An approach to derive turbulent scaling laws based on symmetry analysis is presented. It unifies a large set of scaling laws for the mean velocity of stationary parallel turbulent shear flows. The approach is derived from the Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations, the fluctuation equations, and the velocity product equations, which are the dyad product of the velocity fluctuations with the equations for the velocity fluctuations. For the plane case the results include the logarithmic law of the wall, an algebraic law, the viscous sublayer, the linear region in the centre of a Couette flow and in the centre of a rotating channel flow, and a new exponential mean velocity profile that is found in the mid-wake region of high Reynolds number flat-plate boundary layers. The algebraic scaling law is confirmed in both the centre and the near wall regions in both experimental and DNS data of turbulent channel flows. For a non-rotating and a moderately rotating pipe about its axis an algebraic law was found for the axial and the azimuthal velocity near the pipe-axis with both laws having equal scaling exponents. In case of a rapidly rotating pipe, a new logarithmic scaling law for the axial velocity is developed. The key elements of the entire analysis are two scaling symmetries and Galilean invariance. Combining the scaling symmetries leads to the variety of different scaling laws. Galilean invariance is crucial for all of them. It has been demonstrated that two-equation models such as the k–∈ model are not consistent with most of the new turbulent scaling laws.

turbulence scaling-laws symmetries 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Oberlack
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Technische MechanikRWTH AachenAachenGermany

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