Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 58, Issue 1–3, pp 95–105 | Cite as

Methane Emission from Rice Fields at Cuttack, India

  • T.K. Adhya
  • K. Bharati
  • S.R. Mohanty
  • B. Ramakrishnan
  • V.R. Rao
  • N. Sethunathan
  • R. Wassmann
Article

Abstract

Methane (CH4) emission from rice fields at Cuttack (State of Orissa, eastern India) has been recorded using an automatic measurement system (closed chamber method) from 1995–1998. Experiments were laid out to test the impact of water regime, organic amendment, inorganic amendment and rice cultivars. Organic amendments in conjunction with chemical N (urea) effected higher CH4 flux over that of chemical N alone. Application of Sesbania, Azolla and compost resulted in 132, 65 and 68 kg CH4 ha−1 in the wet season of 1996 when pure urea application resulted in 42 kg CH4 ha−1. Intermittent irrigation reduced emissions by 15% as compared to continuous flooding in the dry season of 1996. In the wet season of 1995, four cultivars were tested under rainfed conditions resulting in a range of emissions from 20 to 44 kg CH4 ha−1. Application of nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) inhibited while Nimin stimulated CH4 flux from flooded rice compared to that of urea N alone. Wide variation in CH4 production and oxidation potentials was observed in rice soils tested. Methane oxidation decreased with soil depth, fertilizer-N and nitrification inhibitors while organic amendment stimulated it. The results indicate that CH4 emission from the representative rainfed ecosystem at the experimental site averaged to 32 kg CH4 ha−1 yr−1.

organic amendment water management cultivar variation nitrification inhibitors production potential soil type 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • T.K. Adhya
    • 1
  • K. Bharati
    • 1
  • S.R. Mohanty
    • 1
  • B. Ramakrishnan
    • 1
  • V.R. Rao
    • 1
  • N. Sethunathan
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Wassmann
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Soil Microbiology, Division of Soil Science & MicrobiologyCentral Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.Division of MicrobiologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.International Rice Research InstituteMakati CityPhilippines
  4. 4.Fraunhofer Institute for Atmospheric Environmental Research (IFU)Garmisch-PartenkirchenGermany

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