Journal of Economic Growth

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 33–63

Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?

  • Alberto Alesina
  • David Dollar

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009874203400

Cite this article as:
Alesina, A. & Dollar, D. Journal of Economic Growth (2000) 5: 33. doi:10.1023/A:1009874203400


This paper studies the pattern of allocation of foreign aid from various donors to receiving countries. We find considerable evidence that the direction of foreign aid is dictated as much by political and strategic considerations, as by the economic needs and policy performance of the recipients. Colonial past and political alliances are major determinants of foreign aid. At the margin, however, countries that democratize receive more aid, ceteris paribus. While foreign aid flows respond to political variables, foreign direct investments are more sensitive to economic incentives, particularly “good policies” and protection of property rights in the receiving countries. We also uncover significant differences in the behavior of different donors.

foreign aid economic development political economy democracy 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Alesina
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Dollar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsHarvard UniversityCambridge
  2. 2.NBER and CEPRUSA
  3. 3.The World BankWashington

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