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Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 195–207 | Cite as

Fertilization response and nutrient diagnosis in peach palm (Bactris gasipaes): a review

  • J. Deenik
  • A. Ares
  • R.S. Yost
Article

Abstract

Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) is a relatively new food crop with great potential for the humid tropics. Native to tropical America, it is commercially grown to produce hearts-of-palm and, to a lesser extent, an edible fruit. Peach palm is well adapted to nutrient poor, acid soils, and is cultivated in Brazil and Costa Rica on highly weathered soils with low pH, high aluminum saturation and, often, low organic matter content. Fertilization trials on peach palm have shown significant responses to applied nitrogen while the response to other nutrients such as phosphorus has been less frequent. Additional research, however, is necessary to determine soil and foliar nutrient critical levels and to address questions concerning peach palm growth responses to nutrient additions varying in time and space. Recycled nutrients likely contribute significantly to peach palm nutrition because plant residues are produced in considerable amounts and can decompose rapidly in commercial peach palm plantation in humid environments where cut leaves and stems are left in the field following harvest. On the other hand, nutrient exports from the system are relatively small (e.g., 4.8–6.4 kg P ha-1yr-1, 28–32.3 kg N ha-1 yr-1, 31–45.2 kg K ha-1 yr-1). As for most perennial tree crops, diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies in peach palm is less clear than in annual crops because of factors such as nutrient cycling, internal retranslocation, stand age, foliage age and position within the crown, and seasonal and climatic variations. Some studies on peach palm have examined variation in nutrient content within leaves and plants, and among plants as well, but the sensitivity of different plant tissues to reflect changes in nutrient uptake and response to nutrient additions should be investigated in controlled field experiments.

fertilization nutrient cycling nutrient diagnosis peach palm tree crops 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Deenik
    • 1
  • A. Ares
    • 1
  • R.S. Yost
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy & Soil ScienceUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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