Crustacean primary cell culture: A technical approach
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Crustacean cell culture has gained attention as a potent model to assist in the development of diagnostic reagents and probes for use in the shrimp, crayfish and lobster industries. The availability of such cellular tools is especially important to industries which use intensive aquaculture methods and thus have increased risk of disease problems. Indeed, crustacean cell cultures offer potential for studying the effects of pathogens in vitro and for increasing our knowledge on developmental and sexual maturation processes, or endocrine regulation in crustaceans. Although numerous attempts have been undertaken, no established cell line of marine crustaceans has been reported to date. However, primary cultures obtained from various organ sources are reported with increasing frequency. They represent the first steps towards the establishment of cell lines and they provide useful information concerning the most suitable cell culture conditions involved in the survival and proliferative capacity of the various tissues.
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