Journal of Combinatorial Optimization

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 67–78 | Cite as

Compression Theorems and Steiner Ratios on Spheres

  • J. H. Rubinstein
  • J. F. Weng


Suppose AiBiCi (i = 1, 2) are two triangles of equal side lengths lying on spheres Φi with radii r1, r2 (r1 < r2) respectively. First we prove the existence of a map h: A1B1C1 → A2B2C2 so that for any two points P1, Q1 in A1B1C1,¦P1Q1¦≥¦h(P1)h(Q1)¦. Moreover, if P1, Q1 are not on the same side, then the inequality strictly holds. This compression theorem can be applied to compare the minimum of a variable in triangles on two spheres. Hence, one of the applications of the compression theorem is the study of Steiner minimal tress on spheres. The Steiner ratio is the largest lower bound for the ratio of the lengths of Steiner minimal trees to minimal spanning trees for point sets in a metric space. Using the compression theorem we prove that the Steiner ratio on spheres is the same as on the Euclidean plane, namely \(\backslash \bar 3/2\).


Mathematical Modeling Industrial Mathematic Span Tree Side Length Discrete Geometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Du, D. Z., and F. K. Hwang. (1992). A proof of the Gilbert-Pollak Conjecture on the Steiner ratio, Algorithmica, 7, 121–135.Google Scholar
  2. Gilbert, E. N., and H. O. Pollak. (1968). Steiner minimal trees, SIAM J. Appl. Math., 16, 1–29.Google Scholar
  3. Hwang, F. H. (1976). On Steiner minimal trees with rectilinear distance, SIAM J. Appl. Math., 30, 104–114.Google Scholar
  4. Karp, R. M. Reducibility among combinatorial problems, Complexity of Computer Computation (Edited by R. E. Miller and J. W. Tatcher), Plenum Press, New York, 1972, 85–103.Google Scholar
  5. Rubinstein, J. H., and D. A. Thomas. (1991). A variational approach to the Steiner network problem, Ann. Oper. Res., 33, 481–499.Google Scholar
  6. Todhunter, I., and J. G. Leathem. Spherical trigonometry, Macmillan and CO., London, 1901.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Rubinstein
    • 1
  • J. F. Weng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia

Personalised recommendations