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Journal of Seismology

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 267–292 | Cite as

The Rhodes earthquake of 26 June 1926

  • N. N. Ambraseys
  • R. D. Adams
Article

Abstract

We use macroseismic and instrumental data to re-examine the large earthquake of 26 June 1926 in the Hellenic Arc and other associated events. The earthquake was felt over a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean region and caused sporadic damage, and in places destruction, over a large area in Rhodes, southwestern Anatolia, eastern Crete and in the Nile Delta. Despite its size, there has been uncertainty as to its position, depth and magnitude. The earthquake was well recorded instrumentally and we have relocated it using the readings listed in the International Seismological Summary and the present location procedure of the International Seismological Centre. We have also inspected seismograms from 14 stations. We find the intermediate depth of the event to be well established at about 115 km, with a formal error of about 10 km and supported by depth phases. There is evidence of complexity in the source, with a secondary release of energy from the same focus after about six seconds. From original records and bulletins we establish the surface-wave magnitude (Ms as 7.4 ± 0.3, corresponding to a moment release of about 2.2 × 1027 dyn.cm. The felt information is consistent with these findings, and although the earthquake was felt very widely, nowhere did it produce excessively high intensities. Our intensity assessments, usually from original sources, tend to be lower than those assigned in previous studies, the highest being IX MSK on Rhodes.

Hellenic Arc historical seismicity macroseismic evaluation magnitude re-evaluation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Ambraseys
    • 1
  • R. D. Adams
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringImperial College of Science, Technology and MedicineLondonU.K.
  2. 2.International Seismological Centre ThatchamBerkshireU.K.

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