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Acta Linguistica Hungarica

, Volume 46, Issue 3–4, pp 317–339 | Cite as

The Romani Language in the Republic of Macedonia: Status, Usage, and Sociolinguistic Perspectives

  • Victor A. Friedman
Article

Abstract

The development of Romani language use in the Republic of Macedonia is discussed here primarily in terms of its relation to education and other public and official contexts. The paper gives a detailed account of the statistical and legal position of the Roms in Macedonia and former Yugoslavia, followed by a linguistic account of the standardization of Romani for official use in Macedonia with comments on dialects, political action, publishing, the educational establishment, and the situation in other Balkan countries. Romani has gradually risen in status from total legal absence to legal equality with all other minority languages, even if the de facto realization has not yet met the de jure possibilities. The standardization of Romani and the fixing of the Arli dialectal base with other elements, together with a consistent orthography, has made significant progress.

Keywords

Political Action Educational Establishment Significant Progress Detailed Account Minority Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor A. Friedman
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Slavic Languages and LiteraturesThe University of ChicagoChicago

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