Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 5–32 | Cite as

Design and Configuration Rationales for Digital Video Storage and Delivery Systems

  • Cyril U. Orji
  • Donald A. Adjeroh
  • Patrick O. Bobbie
  • Kingsley C. Nwosu


Recent advances in computing technology have brought multimedia information processing to prominence. The ability to digitize, store, retrieve, process, and transport analog information in digital form has changed the dimensions of information handling. Several architectural and network configurations have been proposed for efficient and reliable digital video delivery systems. However, these proposals succeed only in addressing subsets of the whole problem. In this paper, we discuss the characteristics of video services. These include Cable Television, Pay-Per-View, and Video Repository Centers. We also discuss requirements for “Video On Demand” services. With respect to these video services, we analyze two important video properties: image quality and response time. We discuss and present configurations of a Digital Video Delivery System (DVDS) from three general system components - servers, clients, and connectivities. Pertinent issues in developing each component are also analyzed. We also present an architecture of a DVDS that can support the various functionalities that exist in the various video services. Lastly, we discuss data allocation strategies which impact performance of interactive video on demand (IVOD). We present preliminary results from a study using a limited form of mirroring to support high performance IVOD.

video services video delivery video storage video-on-demand video servers delivery systems data allocation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. Aravind, G. Cash, Duttweiler, and H. Hang, ”Image and Video Coding Standard”, AT&T Technical Report, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Battista, S. Pereira, C. Pires, and G. Salema, ”MPEG Picture Coding Standards: An Evolution Towards Computer Image Applications”, Proceedings, 2nd International Conference on Computational Graphics and Visualizations Techniques, Libson, Portugal, December 1992, pp. 230–236.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Berson and S. Ghandeharizadeh, ”Staggered Striping in Multimedia Information Systems”, Proceding, International Conference of the ACM SIGMOD, Minneapolis, Minnesota, May, 1994.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Buddhikot and G. Paulkar, ”Distributed data Layout, Scheduling and Playout Control in a Large Scale Multimedia Storage Server”, Technical Report WUCS-94-33, Department of Computer Science, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Chen, G. Gibson, R. Katz and D. Patterson, ”A Case for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID)”, Proceedings, International Conference of the ACM SIGMOD, Chicago, Illinois, June 1988, pp. 109–116.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Fox, ”Advances in Interactive Digital Multimedia Systems”, IEEE Computer, pp. 9–21, 1991.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. Furht, D. Kaira, F. Kitson, A. Rodriguez, and W. Wall, ”Design Issues for Interactive Television Systems”, IEEE Computer, pp. 25–38, 1995.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Gelman, H. Kobrinski, L. Smoot, S. Weinstien, M. Fortier, and D. Lemay, ” A Store and Forward Architecture For Video-on-Demand Service”, Procedings, International Conference on Communications, Volume 2, Denver, CO, June 1991, pp. 842–846.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Gemmell, H. Vin, D. Kaundlur, P. Rangan, and L. Rowe, ”Multimedia Storage Servers: A Tutorial”, IEEE Computer pp. 40–49, May 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Garcia-Molina, and K. Salem, ”Disk Striping”, Proceedings, IEEE International Conference on Data Engeering, Los Angeles, CA., February 1986, pp. 336–345.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Gharavi, ”Subbanding Coding of Video Signals”, In J. Woods, editor, Subband Image Coding, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, 1990.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Gharavi, ”Subbanding Coding Algorithm for Video Applications: Videophone to HDTV Conferencing”, IEEE Transctions on CAS for Video Technology, pp. 174–183, June 1991.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Hogde, S. Mabon, and J. Powers, “Video-on-Demand: Architecture, Systems, and Applications”, SMPTE Journal, 102(9):79 I–803, September 1993.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Home, and A. Puri, “Video Cooling With Adaptive Quantization and Rate Control”, Proceedings, SPIE, volume 1818, 1992, pp. 798–806.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Hsiao, and D. Dewitt, “Chained Declustering: A New Availability Strategy for Multiprocessor Database Machines”, Proceedings, IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, Los Angeles, California. February 1990, pp. 456–465.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Kuroda, M. Fujimura, Y. Natoachi, and M. Ikehara, “Variable Bit Rate Video Coding Method”, Electronics Communication, pp. 46–58, April 1991.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. LeGall, “MPEG: A Video Compression Standard for Multimedia Applications”, Communications of the ACM, pp. 46–58, April 1991.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Liou, “Overview of the PX64 Kbit/s Video Coding Standard”, Communications of the ACM, pp. 59–63, April 1991.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Maruyama, H. Sakamoto, Y. Ishibashi, and K. Nishimura. “High-speed Hardware Architecture for High-definition Videotex System”, Proceedings, SPIE, 1991, pp. 916–927, Volume 1605.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. McDevitt, and J. Sutherland, “Switched vs Broadcast Video for Fiber to the Home Systems”, Proceedings, International Conference on Communications, Atlanta, Ga., April 1990, pp. 11091119.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Nwosu, “Data Storage Modeling and Management for Multimedia Information Systems. PhD thesis, December 1993 Syracuse University, Syracuse New York.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Orji, and J. Solworth, “Distorted Mirrors”, Proceedings, First International Conference on Parallel and Distruhuted InformationSystems, Miami, FL., December 1991,, pp. 10–17.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Orji,K. Nwosu, N. Rishe, “Data Layout for Interactive Video-on-demand Storage Systems”, Proceedings, Eighth International Conference on Sqftware Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 1996.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Ramanathan, and P. Rangan, “System Architectures for Personalized Multimedia Services”, lEEE MultiMedia, 1(1):37–46, Spring 1994.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    V. Ramamoorthy, and R. Ramarao, “Architectural Design of on Demand Video Delivery Systems: The Spatio Temporal Storage Allocation Problem”, Proceedings, International Conference on Communications, Denver, CO., June 1991, pp. 506–510.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. Twabi, F. Horn, E. Horlatt and J. Stefani, “Video Compressions Standards and Quality of Service”, The Computer Journal, 36(1):43–54, 1993.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Wallace, “The JPEG Still Picture Compression Standard”. Communications of the ACM, pp. 30–44, April 1991.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cyril U. Orji
    • 1
  • Donald A. Adjeroh
    • 2
  • Patrick O. Bobbie
    • 3
  • Kingsley C. Nwosu
    • 4
  1. 1.Lucent Technologies, Inc.Holmdel
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringThe Chinese University of Hong KongHONG KONG
  3. 3.Department of Computer and Information SystemsFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  4. 4.Lucent Technologies, (AT&T Bell Labs)WhippanyUSA

Personalised recommendations