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Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 2–16 | Cite as

Polysaccharides of Calcareous Algae and Their Effect on the Calcification Process

  • M. I. Bilan
  • A. I. Usov
Article

Abstract

The composition and structure of polysaccharides from several groups of calcareous algae (including calcareous cyanobacteria), which differ in the calcification mode (extracellular, cell wall, or intracellular), are reviewed. Two families of marine algae, Corallinaceae (Rhodophyta) and Coccolithophoraceae (Prymnesiophyta = Haptophyta), are considered in detail; they exhibit the cell wall and intracellular calcification modes, respectively, and synthesize unusual polysaccharides that seem to directly participate in the calcification process.

calcareous algae calcification Coccolithophoraceae Corallinaceae polysaccharides 

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. I. Bilan
    • 1
  • A. I. Usov
    • 1
  1. 1.Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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