Journal of Adult Development

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 217–225

Moral Development and Higher States of Consciousness

  • Sanford I. Nidich
  • Randi J. Nidich
  • Charles N. Alexander

DOI: 10.1023/A:1009559327351

Cite this article as:
Nidich, S.I., Nidich, R.J. & Alexander, C.N. Journal of Adult Development (2000) 7: 217. doi:10.1023/A:1009559327351


This paper discusses possible relationships between the cognitive–moral development theory of Lawrence Kohlberg and Charles Alexander's life-span model. Central to Alexander's model is the role which levels of mind and higher states of consciousness play throughout the general periods of development. Parallel to Kohlberg's cosmic perspective Stage 7—which goes beyond the representational logic and reasoning identified by Piaget's highest stage—are the postrepresentational stages of development, described by Vedic psychology and Alexander's model as "higher states of consciousness"—transcendental consciousness, cosmic consciousness, God consciousness, and unity consciousness. Research indicates that EEG brainwave coherence is associated with the development of higher states of consciousness and Kohlberg's Stage 7. Studies on the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs as effective technologies for promoting moral development are further discussed.

Moral development Transcendental Meditation consciousness Maharishi's Vedic Psychology Lawrence Kohlberg 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanford I. Nidich
  • Randi J. Nidich
  • Charles N. Alexander

There are no affiliations available

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