Structural Chemistry

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 265–269 | Cite as

Paradigms and Paradoxes: Aspects of the Energetics of Carboxylic Acids and Their Anhydrides

  • H. Mark Perks
  • Joel F. Liebman


Making use of the enthalpies of formation of the well-established acetic acid and acetic anhydride, the energetics of other carboxylic acid anhydrides (with four or fewer carbons) are discussed. Some of these species are also well known, such as succinic and maleic anhydride. Others are less well known, such as ketene and carbon suboxide and even diatomic carbon and malonic anhydride. Still others are more evasive, such as the classical anhydrides of formic and oxalic acid.

Acetic acid and its anhydride carbon suboxide diatomic carbon enthalpy of formation enthalpy of reaction ketenes and diketenes 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Mark Perks
    • 1
  • Joel F. Liebman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore CountyBaltimore
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore CountyBaltimore

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