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Aquaculture International

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 103–120 | Cite as

Combined effects of temperature and salinity on development and survival of Atlantic halibut larvae

  • Oddvar H. Ottesen
  • Sylvie Bolla
Article

Abstract

The effects of different combinations of temperature and salinity on development and survival of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.), larvae were studied in two experiments. In the period from 57 to 120 d° post hatching, approximately 38% of the larvae died: in both experiments, mortality was significantly related to temperature, but there was no relationship to salinity.

Cumulative, chronic mortality during the yolk-sac stage (until 210 d°) was related to salinity. High mortality was observed in both experiments when high salinity (>34%) was combined with incubation at either high (9 °C) or low (3 °C) temperature. The development of head lesions was significantly related to temperature, and for larvae kept at high salinity, increased mortality may have been a result of salinity stress in the injured larvae.

Abnormal development of the caudal notochord, sometimes resulting in a 90-degree bend of the tail, occurred during incubation of early yolk-sac larvae in high-salinity water. The occurrence of larvae with locked jaws, and larvae with oedema in the yolk-sac sinus and pericardium, was significantly related to temperature. © Rapid Science Ltd. 1998

Abnormal development Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) Marine fish larvae Mortality Salinity Temperature 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oddvar H. Ottesen
    • 1
  • Sylvie Bolla
    • 2
  1. 1.Norland Research InstituteBodøNorway
  2. 2.Department of Fishery and SciencesNordland CollegeBodøNorway

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