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Chromosome Research

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 89–94 | Cite as

Chromosomal localization of 5S rRNA gene loci and the implications for relationships within the Allium complex

  • S. H. Lee
  • G. S. Do
  • B. B. Seo
Article

Abstract

Chromosomal localizations and distribution patterns of the 5S rRNA genes by means of fluorescence in-situ hybridization in diploid Allium species could help to classify species into chromosome types and aid in determining relationships among genomes. All eleven diploid species were classified into five types, A to E. Species of type A showed a pair of 5S rRNA signals on the short arm of chromosome 5 and two pairs of signals on both arms of chromosome 7. Species of types B and C showed one pair and two pairs of signals on the short arm of chromosome 7, respectively. Type D species showed two pairs of signals on the satellite region of the short arm and a pair of signals on the long arm of chromosome 7. Type E species showed three distinct 5S rRNA gene loci signals on the short arm of chromosome 7. Information on chromosomal localization of 5S rRNA gene loci and distribution patterns within chromosomes in diploid Allium species could help to infer the pathway of origin of the three kinds of alloploid species. Data indicate that A. wakegi is an allopolyploid with genomes of types B and C, and A. deltoide-fistulosum is an allotetraploid derived from a natural hybridization between different species within chromosome type A. Results indicate that A. senescens is an allopolyploid with type B chromosomes and an unidentified chromosomal type.

Allium species chromosome type fluorescence in-situ hybridization 5S rRNA gene 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Lee
    • 1
  • G. S. Do
    • 1
  • B. B. Seo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyKyungpook National UniversityTaeguKorea

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