Note on Zoobotryon verticillatum (Bryozoa) in a solar saltfield

  • Faith S. Coleman


A study at the Penrice Soda Products Saltfields revealed that a “weed” blocking siphons in the lower salinity end of the fields was a bryozoan, Zoobotryon verticillatum (della Chiaje). Further observations showed that this bryozoan grows from early October to mid June, dying off for 3 months during winter, and that it was commonly found in salinities of up to 56 grams per litre.

bryozoan salinity tolerance solar saltfields Zoobotryon 


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  1. Brock, B.J. 1979. Biology of Bryozoa involved in fouling at Outer Harbour and Angas Inlet. M.Sc. thesis, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia.Google Scholar
  2. Shepherd, S.A. and Thomas, I.M. (Eds) 1982. Marine Invertebrates of Southern Australia, Part I. Handbooks Committee, South Australian Government, Adelaide, South Australia.Google Scholar
  3. Williams, W.D. and Sherwood, J.E. 1994. Definition and measurement of salinity in salt lakes. International Journal of Salt Lake Research 3(1): 53–63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faith S. Coleman
    • 1
  1. 1.Delta Environmental ConsultingSt. KildaSouth Australia

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