Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 7, Issue 9, pp 1207–1219

Biodiversity of Collembola and their functional role in the ecosystem

  • Josef Rusek
Article

Abstract

More than 6500 species of Collembola are known from throughout the world and these are only a small part of the still undescribed species. There are many checklists and catalogues of Collembola for smaller territories and entire continents. Biogeographical analyses have been made for some genera and smaller territories. The most serious problems for a global biogeographical analysis is the lack of enough records from immense territories of all continents. Local biodiversity of Collembola can be very high, reaching over 100 species in small mountain ranges. Sampling methods do not impede documenting biodiversity on a global scale. Collembola have well differentiated ecomorphological life-forms and feeding guilds which enable the functional role that Collembola play in ecosystems to be recognised in some degree. Collembola play an important role in plant litter decomposition processes and in forming soil microstructure. They are hosts of many parasitic Protozoa, Nematoda, Trematoda and pathogenic bacteria and in turn are attacked by different predators. They utilise as food Protozoa, Nematoda, Rotatoria, Enchytraeidae, invertebrate carrion, bacteria, fungi, algae, plant litter, live plant tissues, and some plant pathogens. Soil acidification, nitrogen supply, global climate change and intensive farming have greatly impacted collembolan diversity.

biodiversity biogeography life forms guilds functional role in ecosystems Collembola 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Addison, J.A. (1977) Population dynamics and biology of Collembola at Truelove lowland. In Truelove Lowland, Devon Island, Canada: A high Arctic ecosystem (L.C. Bliss ed.) pp. 363–382, Edmonton: Univ. Alberta Press.Google Scholar
  2. Babenko, A.B. and Bulavintsev, V.I. (1997) Springtails (Collembola) of Eurasian polar deserts. Russian J. Zool. 1, 177–184.Google Scholar
  3. Bauer, T. (1985) Beetles which use a setal trap to hunt springtails: the hunting strategy and apparatus of Leistus (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Pedobiologia 28, 275–287.Google Scholar
  4. Bockemühl, J. (1956) Die Apterygoten des Spitzbergs bei Tübingen, eine Faunistischökologische Untersuchung. Zool. Jahrb., Abt.Syst. 84, 113–194.Google Scholar
  5. Carapelli, A., Frati, F., Fanciulli, P.P. and Dallai, R. (1995) Genetic differentiation of six sympatric species of Isotomurus (Collembola, Isotomidae);is there any difference in their microhabitat preference? Eur. J. Soil Biol. 31, 87–99.Google Scholar
  6. Cassagnau, P.(1961) Ecologie du Sol dans les Pyrénées Centrales. Les biocénoses de Collemboles. Paris: Herman.Google Scholar
  7. Cassagnau, P. (1972) Un Collembole adaptéàla predation: Cephalotoma grandiceps (Reuter). Nouvelle Rev. Entomol. 2, 5–12.Google Scholar
  8. Christian, E. (1987) Catalogus Faunae Austriae, Teil XIIa: Collembola (Springschwänze). Wien: Verlag Oesterreich. Akad. Wissenschaften.Google Scholar
  9. Christiansen, K. and Bellinger, P. (1995) The biogeography of Collembola. Bull. Entomol. Pologne 64, 297–294.Google Scholar
  10. Dallai, R., Fanciulli, P.P. and Petrucci, R. (1986) Enzyme diversity in the genus Bilobella (Insecta, Collembola). Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol 23, 333–348.Google Scholar
  11. Deharveng, L. (1966) Soil Collembola diversity, endemism, and reforestation: A case study in the Pyrenees (France).Concervation Biology 10, 74–78.Google Scholar
  12. Dunger, W. (1968) Die Entwicklung der Bodenfauna auf rekultivierten Kippen und Halden des Braunkohlentagebaues. Abh. Ber. Naturk. Mus. Görlitz 43(2), 1–256.Google Scholar
  13. Dunger, W. (1983) Tiere im Boden. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei. Wittenberg Lutherstadt: A. Ziemsen Verlag.Google Scholar
  14. Dunger, W. and Fiedler, H.J. (1989) Methoden der Bodenbiologie. Jena: VEB Gustav Fischer verlag.Google Scholar
  15. Eisenbeis, G. and Meyer, E. (1986) Some ultrastructural features of glacier Collembola, Isotoma `sp. G' and Isotomurus palliceps (Uzel, 1891) from the Tyrolean Central Alps. In 2nd Intern. Seminar on Apterygota: Univ. Siena (Dallai, R. ed.) pp. 257–272, Siena: Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  16. Frati, F., Fanciulli, P.P. and Dallai, R. (1992) Genetic diversity and taxonomy in soil-dwelling insects: the genus Orchesella. J. Heredity 83, 275–281.Google Scholar
  17. Fritzlar, F., Dunger, W. and Schaller, G. (1986) Über den Einfluss von Luftverunreinigungen auf Ökosysteme. X. Collembola im Immissionsgebiet eines Phosphat-Düngemittelwerks. Pedobilologia 29, 413–434.Google Scholar
  18. Gisin, H. (1960) Collembolenfauna Europas. Geneve: Museum d'Histoire Naturelle.Google Scholar
  19. Greenslade, P. (1994) Collembola. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 22. Protura, Collembola, Diplura. (W.W.K. Houston, ed.) pp. 19–138, Melbourne: CSIRO Australia.Google Scholar
  20. Haarlov, N. (1955) Vertical distribution of mites and Collembola in relation to soil structure. In Soil Zoology, (D.K. McE. Kevan, ed.) pp. 167–179, London: H.F. & G. Witherby Ltd.Google Scholar
  21. Hågvar, S. and Abrahamsen, G. (1980) Colonization by Enchytraeidae, Collembola and Acari in sterile soil samples with adjusted pH levels. Oikos 34, 245–258.Google Scholar
  22. Hågvar, S. (1982) Collembola in Norwegian coniferous forest soils: I. Relations to plant communities and soil fertility. Pedobiologia 24, 255–296.Google Scholar
  23. Hågvar, S. (1983) Collembola in Norwegian coniferous forest soils II. Vertical distribution. Pedobiologia 25, 383–401.Google Scholar
  24. Hågvar, S. (1984) Ecological studies of microarthropods in forest soils, with emphasis on relations to soil acidity. Norwegian Forest Institute, As. Doctoral dissertation. University of Oslo.Google Scholar
  25. Hendrix, P.F., Parmelee R.W., Crossley, D.A., Jr., Coleman, D.C., Odum, E.P. and Groffman, P.M. (1986) Detritus food webs in conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems. Bioscience 36, 374–380.Google Scholar
  26. Hölldobler, B. and Wilson, E.O. (1990) The Ants. Berlin, Springer.Google Scholar
  27. Hutson, B.R. (1978) Influence of pH, temperature and salinity on the fecundity and longevity of four species of Collembola. Pedobiologia 18, 163–179.Google Scholar
  28. Jaeger, G. and Eisenbeis, G. (1984) pH-depended absorption of solution by the ventral tube of Tomocerus flavescens (Tullberg, 1871) (Insecta, Collembola). Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol 21, 519–531.Google Scholar
  29. Joosse, E.N.G. (1983) New developments in the ecology of Apterygota. Pedobiologia 25, 217–234.Google Scholar
  30. Kaczmarek, M. (1995) Long-term changes of the Collembola community of Kampinos Forest. Bull Ent. Pologne 64, 341–356.Google Scholar
  31. Kampmann, T. (1987) Untersuchungen an Collembolenzönosen in Wäldern der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Dissertation, University of Bonn: Mat.-Naturwissensch. Fak.Google Scholar
  32. Karg, W. (1971) Acari (Acarina) Milben, Unterordnung Anactinochaeta (Parasitiformes), Die freilebenden Gamasina (Gamasides), Raubmilben. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, Nr. 59, Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag.Google Scholar
  33. Kopeszki, H. (1988) Populationsdynamik und Indikatorwert der Bodenmesofauna im Einflussbe-reich der saueren Buchenstammablaufes. Zool. Anz. 221, 368–378.Google Scholar
  34. Kopeszki, H. (1992) Veränderungen der Mesofauna eines Buchenwaldes bei Sauerbelastung, Ped-obiologia 36, 295–305.Google Scholar
  35. Luxton, M. (1982) 7. Quantative utilisation of energy by the soil fauna. Oikos 39, 342–354.Google Scholar
  36. Mari Mutt, J.A. and Bellinger, P.F. (1990) A catalog of the Neotropical Collembola, including Nearctic areas of Mexico. Gainesville: Sandhill Crane Press.Google Scholar
  37. Massoud, Z. (1967) Monographie des Neanuridae, Collemboles Poduromorphes a pièces buccales modifiées. Biologie de l'Amérique Australe. Vol III., 7–399.Google Scholar
  38. Matic, R. and Koledin, D. (1985) Preference and feeding speciality of Tetrodontophora bielanensis (Collembola, Insecta) under laboratory conditions. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol 22, 121–129.Google Scholar
  39. Moore, J.C., Walter, D.E. and Hunt, H.W. (1988) Arthropod regulation of micro-and mesobiota in below-ground detrital food webs. Ann Rev. Entomol. 33, 419–439.Google Scholar
  40. Nadtochiy, S.E. (1987) Fungi as constituents of gut contents in Sminthuridae and Dicyrtomidae (Collembola) In soil Fauna and soil Fertility (B.R. Striganova, ed) pp. 692–696, Moscow: Nauka.Google Scholar
  41. Nosek, J. (1969) The investigation on the Apterygotan fauna of the Low Tatras. Acta Universitatis Carolinae-Biologica Vol. 1967, 349–528.Google Scholar
  42. Parkinson, D. (1983) Functional relationships between soil organisms. In New trends in soil biology (H.M. Lebrun et al., eds.) pp. 153–165, Louvain la Neuve: Dieu-Brichard.Google Scholar
  43. Petersen, H. (1982) 3. Basis for evaluation of the density and biomass data. Oikos 39, 295–305.Google Scholar
  44. Petersen, H. and Luxton, M. (1982) A comparative analysis of soil fauna populations and their role in decomposition processes. Oikos 39, 287–388.Google Scholar
  45. Pokarzhevskij, A.D. (1985) Geochimicheskaja ekologia nazemnych zhivotnych. (Geochemical ecology of terrestrial animals.) Moskva: Nauka.Google Scholar
  46. Ponge, J.F. (1993) Biocenoses of Collembola in atlantic temperate grass-woodland ecosystems. Pedobiologia 37, 223–224.Google Scholar
  47. Purrini, K. (1983) Soil invertebrates infected by microorganisms. In New Trends in Soil Biology (H.M. Lebrun et al., eds.) pp. 176–178., Louvain la Neuve: Dieu-Brichard.Google Scholar
  48. Roth-Holzapfel, M. (1990) Multi-element analysis of invertebrate animals in a forest ecosystem (Picea abies L.). In Element Concentration Cadasters (H. Lieth and B. Makert ed.) pp. 281–295, Weinheim: VCH.Google Scholar
  49. Ruiter, P.C. de, Moore, J.C., Zwart, K.B., Bouwman, L.A., Hassink, J., Bloem, J., de Vos, J.A., Marinissen, J.C.Y., Didden, W.A.M., Lebbink, G. and Brussaard, L. (1993) Simulation of nitrogen mineralisation in the belowground food webs of two winter-wheat fields. J. Appl. Ecol. 30, 95–106.Google Scholar
  50. Rusek, J. (1975) Die bodenbildend Funktion von Collembolen und Acarina. Pedobiologia 15, 299–308.Google Scholar
  51. Rusek, J., Úlehlová, B. and Unar, J. (1975) Soil biological features of some alpine grasslands in Czechoslovakia. In Progress in Soil Zoology (J. Vanek, ed.) pp. 199–215, Praha: Academia.Google Scholar
  52. Rusek, J. (1985) Soil microstructures-contributions on specific soil organisms. Quest. Ent. 21, 497–514.Google Scholar
  53. Rusek, J. (1989) Ecology of Collembola. In 3rd International Seminar on Apterygorta (R. Dallai ed.) pp. 271–281, Siena: Univ. Siena Press.Google Scholar
  54. Rusek, J. (1993) Air-pollution-mediated changes in alpine ecosystems and ecotones. Ecological Applications 3, 409–416.Google Scholar
  55. Rusek, J. (1995) Synecology of Collembola. Bull. Entomol. Pologne 64, 69–75.Google Scholar
  56. Rusek, J. (1996) Global change impact on soil fauna and ecosystems. In Climate variability and climate change vulnerability and adaptations (I. Nemešová ed.) pp. 163–170, Prague: Inst. Atmosph. Physics, Acad. Sci CR.Google Scholar
  57. Rusek, J. (in press) Changes in mesofauna communities of arable soils. In Soil zoological problems in Central Europe (V. Pižl and K. Tajovský eds.), ČeskèBudċjovice: Inst. Soil Biol. Acad. Sci. CR.Google Scholar
  58. Salmon, J.T. (1964) An index to the Collembola. Roy. Soc. N. Zealand 7, 1–651.Google Scholar
  59. Setälä, H. (1990) Effects of soil fauna on decomposition and nutrient dynamics in coniferous forest soil. Academic Dissertation, Biological Research reports from the University of Jyväskyla.Google Scholar
  60. Stach, J. (1959) The Apterygotan fauna of the Polish Tatra National Park. Acta zool. Cracoviensia 4(1), 1–102, 5 Tabs.Google Scholar
  61. Stach, J. (1964) Owady bezskrzydle-Apterygota. Katalog Fauny Polski 15, 1–103.Google Scholar
  62. Stebajeva, S.K. (1970) Žizněnnyje formy mogochvostok (Collembola). Zool. Žurn. 59, 1437–1454.Google Scholar
  63. Szeptycki, A. and Weiner, W.M. (1990) 3. Collembola-Skoczogonki. In Wykaz Zwierzat Polski (= Check-list of Animals of Poland), Vol. I (Razowski, J. ed.) pp. 19–27.Google Scholar
  64. Takeda, H. (1966) Templates for the organization of soil animal communities in tropical forests. In Turner, I.M., Diong, C.H., Lim, S.S.L., Ng, P.K.L. (eds.) Biodiversity and the dynamics of ecosystems. DIWPA Series Volume 1, 217–226.Google Scholar
  65. Urbášek, F., Rusek, J. (1994) Activity of digestive enzymes in seven species of Collembola (Insecta: Entognatha). Pedobiologia 38, 400–406.Google Scholar
  66. Wolter, H. (1963) Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Anatomie und Funktionsmorphologie der stechend-saugenden Mundwerkzeuge der Collembolen. Zool. Jb., Anat. 81, 27–100.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef Rusek
    • 1
  1. 1.Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicInstitute of Soil BiologyČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations