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Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 8, Issue 7, pp 891–925 | Cite as

Central European vascular plants requiring priority conservation measures – an analysis from national Red Lists and distribution maps

  • M. Schnittler
  • K.-F. Günther
Article

Abstract

A joint analysis considering the world-wide distribution and threat status of Central European vascular plants was carried out to derive conservation priorities for threatened species. A list of 417 taxa is presented, which are threatened throughout Central Europe and/or show a predominantly Central European distribution. As a first step, all plants mentioned in Central European national Red Lists were included in a synoptic table, resulting in a total of 3255 taxa threatened or rare in at least one country. To select species with a high conservation priority, two parameters were estimated: threat status for Central Europe and a new category termed responsibility for the conservation of a species. As criteria for this second parameter, we used the proportion of Central Europe on the world range of a species, the position of Central Europe within this range, and its world-wide threat status. A simple category system including four responsibility categories is proposed. For all species selected, threat status and a responsibility assessment for the whole of Central Europe is given, as well as position and proportion of Central Europe on their world range. By comparison of threat status and responsibility, this list provides a background for assessing national conservation priorities as well as for making decisions about inclusion in international conventions on species conservation. This was shown by a comparison of the species selected using this approach with those included in the two most important European instruments for species conservation – the Berne Convention and the Habitats Directive.

Berne convention Central Europe conservation priorities habitats directive Red Lists responsibility vascular plants 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Schnittler
    • 1
  • K.-F. Günther
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut fu¨r VegetationskundeBonnGermany
  2. 2.Herbarium Haussknecht, Friedrich-Schiller-University JenaJenaGermany

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