Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 123–134 | Cite as

The Vigna angularis complex: Genetic variation and relationships revealed by RAPD analysis, and their implications for in situ conservation and domestication

  • Ru-Qiang Xu
  • Norihiko Tomooka
  • Duncan A. Vaughan
  • Koji Doi


The present study, using RAPD analysis, was undertaken to characterize genetic variation in three forms of V. angularis, cultivated, wild and weedy forms, and their relationships. The materials used consisted of 171 individuals (plants) or cultivars from 23 populations including 5 wild populations, 6 weedy populations, 6 cultivated populations and 6 populations with plants having wild and weedy or intermediate morphology, denoted here as complex populations. The materials used were collected on Honshu Island, Japan and seeds collected directly from the field were germinated for DNA extraction. In addition, 6 landrace accessions of V. angularis from the genebank were also analyzed. Genetic variation was highest in the wild form (Hg= 0.132; GD = 0.388), followed by the weedy form (Hg= 0.124; GD = 0.341) and the least in the cultivated form (Hg= 0.079; GD = 0.274). Intra-population genetic variation was high in the weedy and in the wild populations. However, inter-population was greater than intra-population genetic variation for all groups of populations studied in the V. angularis complex. 93% of the total diversity in the present study was exhibited by plants from complex populations and specific RAPD bands were found in these populations. Our results provide evidence that complex populations would be a logical focus for efforts to conserve the V. angularis complex in situ. Our results suggest that weedy populations are usually an ecotype of the wild form adapted to a different habitat.

domestication genetic variation in situ conservation RAPD V. angularis complex 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ru-Qiang Xu
    • 1
  • Norihiko Tomooka
    • 1
  • Duncan A. Vaughan
    • 2
  • Koji Doi
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Evolutionary Dynamics Laboratory, Division of Genetic Resources IINational Institute of Agrobiological ResourcesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Crop Evolutionary Dynamics Laboratory, Division of Genetic Resources IINational Institute of Agrobiological ResourcesTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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