Advertisement

European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 106, Issue 7, pp 651–656 | Cite as

Foliar Application of Acibenzolar-S-Methyl and Protection of Postharvest Rock Melons and Hami Melons from Disease

  • Y. Huang
  • B.J. Deverall
  • W.H. Tang
  • W. Wang
  • F.W. Wu
Article

Abstract

A pre-flowering foliar spray of the plant activator acibenzolar-S-methyl at 50 mg/L a.i. combined with a fruit dip in guazatine at 500 mg/L a.i. at harvest substantially decreased disease in stored melons. Major diseases occurring on rock melons and Hami melons were caused by Fusarium spp., Alternaria spp., Rhizopus spp. and Trichothecium sp. The treatment with acibenzolar-S-methyl alone was significantly effective in reduction of the disease severity in many but not all situations. The fungicide guazatine alone significantly decreased infection by Fusarium spp. but had a lesser effect on that caused by Alternaria spp. and Rhizopus spp.

systemic acquired resistance postharvest disease Hami melon rock melon 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benhamou N and BélangerRR(1998) Induction of systemic resistance to Pythium damping-off in cucumber plants by benzothiadiazole: ultrastructure and cytochemistry of the host response. The Plant Journal 14: 13-21CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Caruso FL and Kuć J (1979) Induced resistance of cucumber to anthracnose and angular leaf spot by Pseudomonas lachrymans and Collectotrichum lagenariu. Physiological Plant Pathology 14: 191-201Google Scholar
  3. Dann E, Diers B, Byrum J and Hammerschmidt R (1998) Effect of treating soybean with 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid (INA) and benzothiadiazole (BTH) on seed yields and the level of disease caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in field and greenhouse studies. European Journal of Plant Pathology 104: 271-278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Friedrich L, Lawton K, Ruess W, Masner P, Specker N, Gut Rella M, Meiers B, Dincher S, Staub T, Uknes S, Métraux J-P, Kessmann H and Ryals J (1996) A benzothiadiazole derivative induces systemic acquired resistance in tobacco. The Plant Journal 10: 61-70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Görlach J, Volrath S, Knauf-Beiter G, Hengy G, Beckhove U, Kogel KH, Oostendorp M, Staub T, Ward E, Kessmann H and Ryals J (1996) Benzothiadiazole, a novel class of inducers of systemic acquired resistance, activates gene expression and disease resistance in wheat. Plant Cell 8: 629-643CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hammerschmidt R and Kuć J (eds) (1995) Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants. (182 pp) Kluwer Academic Publishers, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  7. Ishii H, TomitaY, HorioT, Narusaka Y, Nakazawa Y, Nishimura K and Iwamoto S (1999). Induced resistance of acibenzolar-Smethyl (CGA 245704) to cucumber and Janpanese pear diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology 105: 77-85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Janisiewicz WJ (1991) Control postharvest diseases of fruit with biocontrol agents. In: Bay-Petersen J (ed) The Biological Control of Plant Diseases. Based on Proceeding of the International seminar on 'Biological Control of Plant Diseases and Virus Vectors, Japan, Sep. 17-21, 1990 (215 pp)Google Scholar
  9. Jensen BD, Latunde-Dada AO, Hudson D and Lucas JA (1998) Protection of Brassica seedling against Downy mildew and damping-off by seed treatment with CGA 245704, an activator of systemic acquired resistance. Pesticide Science 52: 63-69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kessmann H, Staub T, Hofmann C, Maetzke T, Herzoc J, Ward E, Uknes S and Ryals J (1994) Induction of systemic acquired resistance in plants by chemicals. Annual Review of Phytopathology 32: 439-459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lawton KA, Friedrich L, Hunt M, Weymann K, Delaney T, Kessmann H, Staub T and Ryals J (1996) Benzothiadiazole induces disease resistance in Arabidopsis by activation of the systemic acquired resistance signal transduction pathway. The Plant Journal 10: 71-82CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Martyn RD, Biles CL and Dillard EA (1991) Induced resistance to Fusarium wilt of watermelon under simulated field conditions. Plant Disease 75: 874-877Google Scholar
  13. Métraux JP, Ahl Goy P, Stuab T, Speich J, Steinmann A, Ryals J and Ward E (1991) Induced systemic resistance in cucumber in response to 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid and pathogens. In: Hennecke H and Verma DPS (eds) Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions 1: 432-439. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  14. Novartis (1997) Nature created the concept. The plant activator. Novartis Crop Protection AG, Basle, Switzerland. 35 pp Ramsey GB and Smith MA (1961) Market diseases of cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, cucumbers, melons and related crops. US Department of Agriculture Handbook. No. 184Google Scholar
  15. Siegrist J, Glenewinkel D, Kolle C and Schmidtke M (1997) Chemically induced resistance in green bean against bacterial and fungal pathogens. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 104: 599-610Google Scholar
  16. Snowdown AL (1990) A colour atlas of postharvest diseases and disorders of fruits and vegetables. Wolfe Scientific. Volume 1. General Introduction and Fruits. 302 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Wade NL and Morris SC (1983) Efficacy of fungicides for postharvest treatment of muskmelon fruit. HortScience 18: 344-345Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Huang
    • 1
  • B.J. Deverall
    • 2
  • W.H. Tang
    • 3
  • W. Wang
    • 3
  • F.W. Wu
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Crop SciencesUniversity of SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Crop SciencesUniversity of SydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Plant ProtectionChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Xinjiang Department of Agriculture, UrumqiXinjiangChina

Personalised recommendations