Diary cards and the assessment of cough symptoms in community pharmacies
- 38 Downloads
The aim of this study is to compare cough symptom assessment and medication efficacy as recorded in a diary card with that obtained through direct questioning by a pharmacist. Clients visiting six pharmacies, purchasing a cough medication and meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited. They were asked to fill out diary cards to obtain a daily retrospective assessment of symptoms and medication efficacy. After three days the subjects returned to the pharmacy and were asked to recall their symptoms through a structured questionnaire administered by the pharmacist.48 clients were recruited to the study and of these 44 (92%‐ completed the study. A good correlation was obtained between ratings of medication efficacy as recorded by diary cards and recall. Symptom assessment also showed a statistically significant correlation for days two and three only.For studies assessing symptoms over a 48 hour period, detailed post‐study assessments may not be required. The study provides further evidence for the viability of clinical trials conducted through community pharmacies.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Blenkinsopp A, Bradley C. Patients, society andthe increase in self medication. British Medical Journal 1996;312:629–32Google Scholar
- 2.Department of Health. Promotingbetter health. London: HMSO, 1987.Google Scholar
- 3.Choice andOpportunity: Primary Care-The Future, NHS Executive, 1996Google Scholar
- 4.Garattini S. The Drug Market in Four European Countries.Pharmacoeconomics 1998;14 Suppl, 1:69–79Google Scholar
- 5.Chaplin S, Blenkinsopp A. Clinical trials in communitypharmacies: Too little is known about over the counter drugs. British Medical Journal 1992;304:63–4Google Scholar
- 6.Thackray P. ADouble-blind, crossover controlled evaluation of a syrup for the night-time relief of the symptoms of the common cold, containing paracetamol, dextromethorphan hydrobromide, doxylamine succinate and ephedrine sulphate. Journal of International Medical Research 1978;6:161Google Scholar
- 7.Verbrugge L. Heath diaries.Medical Care 1980;18:73–95Google Scholar
- 8.Roghmann K, Haggerty R. The diary as a research instrument in the study of health and illness behaviour: Experiences with a random sample of young families. Medical Care 1972;10:143–63.Google Scholar
- 9.Richardson A. The health diary: an examination of its use as a datacollection method. Journal of Advanced Nursing 1994;19:782–791Google Scholar
- 10.Noyelle RM, Crossland DM, Pickvance NJ. Ibuprofen, aspirin and paracetamol compared in a community study. Pharmaceutical Journal 1987;238:561–4Google Scholar
- 11.Quick JM, Blenkinsopp A. A community pharmacy study tocompare the control of hay fever symptoms by astemizole 10mg and terfenadine 12mg. Pharmaceutical Journal 1991;246:272–5Google Scholar