Pharmacy World and Science

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 107–112 | Cite as

Pricing and Reimbursement of Pharmaceuticals. A New Culture for the Community Pharmacist.

  • Elisabeth Moen
  • Else‐Lydia Toverud
  • Jan Grund
  • Sissel Brinchmann


Pricing and reimbursement of pharmaceuticals are of concern for pharmacists. Different countries have different ways of organising their health care systems. The place for pharmaceuticals within these systems also differ. This article looks into the price‐ and reimbursement systems for medicinal products in Germany, Sweden, the UK and Norway. Various ways of organising the pharmaceutical market emerge. Some existing measures have been in place for a long time while others have been introduced more recently. A common goal for the four countries seems to be the drive to cut costs, and attempts to do this can be directed through various reimbursement systems, by focusing on prices or by influencing the physicians' prescribing behaviour, either through the use of advice or through the use of budgets. It is important for the pharmacists to have in‐depth knowledge of the price‐ and reimbursement system they have to work within in order to be of full service to their customers.

Pharmacoeconomics Pharmaceutical pricing Reimbursement systems Cost containment Reference pricing Co‐payment 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Moen
    • 1
  • Else‐Lydia Toverud
    • 1
  • Jan Grund
    • 2
  • Sissel Brinchmann
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social Pharmacy, School of PharmacyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian School of ManagementSandvikaNorway
  3. 3.MSD (Norge) A/SDrammenNorway

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