Journal of Biomolecular NMR

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 345–356 | Cite as

1H-15N NMR dynamic study of an isolated α-helical peptide (1–36)- bacteriorhodopsin reveals the equilibrium helix-coil transitions

  • Vladislav Yu. Orekhov
  • Dmitry M. Korzhnev
  • Tammo Diercks
  • Horst Kessler
  • Alexander S. Arseniev

Abstract

The backbone dynamics of the bacteriorhodopsin fragment (1–36)BR solubilized in a 1:1 chloroform/methanol mixture were investigated by heteronuclear 1H-15N NMR spectroscopy. The heteronuclear 15N longitudinal and transverse relaxation rates and 15N{1H} steady-state NOEs were measured at three magnetic fields (11.7, 14.1, and 17.6 T). Careful statistical analysis resulted in the selection of the extended model-free form of the spectral density function [Clore et al. (1990) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 112, 4989–4991] for all the backbone amides of (1–36)BR. The peptide exhibits motions on the micro-, nano-, and picosecond time scales. The dynamics of the α-helical part of the peptide (residues 9–31) are characterised by nanosecond and picosecond motions with mean order parameters Ss2 = 0.60 and Sf2 = 0.84, respectively. The nanosecond motions were attributed to the peptide's helix-coil transitions in equilibrium. Residues 3–7 and 30–35 also exhibit motions on the pico- and nanosecond time scales, but with lower order parameters. Residue 10 at the beginning of the α-helix and residues 30–35 at the C-terminus are involved in conformational exchange processes on the microsecond time scale. The implications of the obtained results for the studies of helix-coil transitions and the dynamics of membrane proteins are discussed.

alpha helix anisotropy bacteriorhodopsin CSA hydrogen bond random coil relaxation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladislav Yu. Orekhov
    • 1
  • Dmitry M. Korzhnev
    • 1
  • Tammo Diercks
    • 2
  • Horst Kessler
    • 2
  • Alexander S. Arseniev
    • 1
  1. 1.Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institut für Organische Chemie und BiochemieTechnische Universität MünchenGarchingGermany

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