Minds and Machines

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 15–30

Rethinking Autonomy

  • Richard Alterman

DOI: 10.1023/A:1008351215377

Cite this article as:
Alterman, R. Minds and Machines (2000) 10: 15. doi:10.1023/A:1008351215377


This paper explores the assumption of autonomy. Several arguments are presented against the assumption of runtime autonomy as a principle of design for artificial intelligence systems. The arguments vary from being theoretical, to practical, and to analytic. The latter parts of the paper focus on one strategy for building non-autonomous systems (the practice view). One critical theme is that intelligence is not located in the system alone, it emerges from a history of interactions among user, builder, and designer over a given set of data as mediated by the system. A second critical theme is that artificially intelligent systems are ongoing projects that must be continuously adapted and revised using joint person-machine efforts.

autonomy building systems users practice everyday activity artificial intelligence cognitive science 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Alterman

There are no affiliations available

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