Advertisement

Biodegradation

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 399–404 | Cite as

Dolomite limits acidification of a biofilter degrading dimethyl sulphide

  • Erik Smet
  • Herman Van Langenhove
  • Griet Philips
Article

Abstract

The applicability of dolomite particlesto control acidificationin a Hyphomicrobium MS3inoculated biofilter removingdimethyl sulphide (Me2S) wasstudied. While direct inoculationof the dolomite particles with theliquid microbial culture was notsuccessful, start-up ofMe2S-degradation in thebiofilter was observed when thedolomite particles were mixed with33% (wt/wt) of Hyphomicrobium MS3-inoculatedcompost or wood bark material.Under optimal conditions, anelimination capacity (EC) of 1680~g Me2S m-3 d-1 wasobtained for the compost/dolomitebiofilter. Contrary to a wood barkor compost biofilter, no reductionin activity due to acidificationwas observed in these biofiltersover a 235 day period because ofthe micro environmentneutralisation of the microbialmetabolite H2SO4 with thecarbonate in the dolomite material.However, performance of thebiofilter decreased when themoisture content of the mixedcompost/dolomite material droppedbelow 15%. Next to this, nutrientlimitation resulted in a gradualdecrease of the EC andsupplementation of a nitrogensource was a prerequisite to obtaina long-term high EC (> 250 gMe2S m-3 d-1) forMe2S. In relation to thisnitrogen supplementation, it wasobserved that stable ECs forMe2S were obtained when thisnutrient was dosed to the biofilterat a Me2S-C/NH4Cl-Nratio of about 10.Abbreviations:DW – dry weight,EC – elimination capacity,Me2S – dimethyl sulphide,OL – organic loading rate,VS - volatile solids

acidification biofilter dimethyl sulphide dolomite inoculation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bonnin C, Coriton G & Martin G (1994) Biodeodorization processes: from organic media filters to mineral beds. VDI Berichte 1104: 217-230Google Scholar
  2. Cho K-S, Hirai M, Shoda M (1991) Degradation characteristics of hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol, dimethylsulfide and dimethyl disulfide by Thiobacillus thioparus DW44 isolated from peat biofilter. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 71: 384-389Google Scholar
  3. Elsas JD van & Heijnen CE (1990) Methods for the introduction of bacteria into soil. Biol. Fertil. Soils 10: 127-133Google Scholar
  4. Gellens V, Boelens J & Verstraete W (1995) Source separation, selective collection and in reactor digestion of biowaste. A. van Leeuwenhoek 67: 79-89Google Scholar
  5. Hirai M, Ohtake M & Shoda M (1990) Removal kinetics of hydrogen sulfide, methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide by peat biofilters. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 70: 334-339Google Scholar
  6. Leson G & Winer AM (1991) Biofiltraiton: an innovative air pollution control technology for VOC emissions. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 41: 1045-1054.Google Scholar
  7. Morgenroth E, Schroeder ED, Chang DPY & Scow KM (1996) Nutrient limitation in a compost biofilter degrading hexane. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 46: 300-308Google Scholar
  8. Pol A, Op den Camp HJM, Mees SGM, Kersten ASH & Van Der Drift C (1994) Isolation of a dimethylsulfide-utilising Hyphomicrobium species and its application in biofiltration of polluted air. Biodegradation 5: 105-112Google Scholar
  9. Schoene K & Steinhanses J (1989) Generating vapour mixtures for calibration purposes. II Dynamic diffusive system. Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 335: 557-561Google Scholar
  10. Smet E, Casaya G, Van Langenhove H & Verstraete W (1996a) The effect of inoculation and the type of carrier material used on the biofiltration of methyl sulphides. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 45: 293-298Google Scholar
  11. Smet E, Van Langenhove H & Verstraete W (1996b) Long-term stability of a biofilter treating dimethyl sulphide. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 46: 191-196Google Scholar
  12. Smith FL, Sorial GA, Suidan MT, Breen AW & Biswas P (1996) Development of two biomass control strategies for extended, stable operation of highly efficient biofilters with high toluene loadings. Environ. Sci. Technol. 30: 1744-1751Google Scholar
  13. Van Groenestijn JW & Hessellink PGM (1993) Biotechniques for air pollution control. Biodegradation 4: 283-301Google Scholar
  14. Zhang L, Hirai M & Shoda M (1991) Removal characteristics of dimethylsulfide, methanethiol and hydrogen sulfide by Hyphomicrobium sp. I55 isolated from peat biofilter. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 72: 392-396Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Smet
    • 1
  • Herman Van Langenhove
    • 1
  • Griet Philips
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological SciencesUniversity of GhentGhentBelgium

Personalised recommendations