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Journal of Biomolecular NMR

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 313–327 | Cite as

Probing hydrogen bonds in the antibody-bound HIV-1 gp120 V3 loop by solid state NMR REDOR measurements

  • John J. Balbach
  • Jun Yang
  • David P. Weliky
  • Peter J. Steinbach
  • Vitali Tugarinov
  • Jacob Anglister
  • Robert Tycko
Article

Abstract

We describe solid state NMR measurements on frozen solutions of the complex of the 24-residue HIV-1 gp120 V3 loop peptide RP135 with the Fab fragment of the anti-gp120 antibody 0.5β, using rotational echo double resonance (REDOR). In order to probe possible hydrogen bonding between arginine side chains and glycine backbone carbonyls in the region of the conserved Gly-Pro-Gly-Arg (GPGR) motif of the V3 loop, RP135 samples were prepared with 15N labels at the η nitrogen positions of arginine side chains and 13C labels at glycine carbonyl positions and 13C-detected 13C-15N REDOR measurements were performed on peptide/antibody complexes of these labeled samples. Such hydrogen bonding was previously observed in a crystal structure of the V3 loop peptide/antibody complex RP142/59.1 [Ghiara et al. (1994) Science, 264, 82–85], but is shown by the REDOR measurements to be absent in the RP135/0.5β complex. These results confirm the antibody-dependent conformational differences in the GPGR motif suggested by previously reported solid state NMR measurements of φ and Ψ backbone dihedral angles in the RP135/0.5β complex. In addition, we describe REDOR measurements on the helical synthetic peptide MB(i+4)EK in frozen solution that establish our ability to detect 13C-15N dipole–dipole couplings in the distance range appropriate to these hydrogen bonding studies. We also report the results of molecular modeling calculations on the central portion RP135, using a combination of the solid state NMR restraints of Weliky et al. [Nat. Struct. Biol., 6, 141–145, 1999] and the liquid state NMR restraints of Tugarinov et al. (Nat. Struct. Biol., 6, 331–335, 1999]. The dynamics calculations demonstrate the mutual compatibility of the two sets of experimental structural restraints and reduce ambiguities in the solid state NMR restraints that result from symmetry and signal-to-noise considerations.

HIV-1 peptide/antibody complex solid state NMR V3 loop 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John J. Balbach
    • 1
  • Jun Yang
    • 2
  • David P. Weliky
    • 2
  • Peter J. Steinbach
    • 3
  • Vitali Tugarinov
    • 4
  • Jacob Anglister
    • 4
  • Robert Tycko
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingU.S.A.
  3. 3.Center for Molecular Modeling, Center for Information TechnologyNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaU.S.A.
  4. 4.Department of Structural BiologyWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovothIsrael

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