Advertisement

Student Rating Myths Versus Research Facts from 1924 to 1998

  • Lawrence M. Aleamoni
Article

Abstract

Sixteen of the most common myths regarding student ratings of instructors and instruction are looked at from the perspective of the research that has been conducted on them over the past seventy-four years. It is concluded that the myths are, on the whole, myths. However, suggestions are made about how the information regarding the myths can be used to both improve and document instructional effectiveness.

Keywords

Student Rate Personnel Management Versus Research Research Fact Instructional Effectiveness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abrami, P.C., d'Apollonia, S., & Cohen, P.A. (1990). Validity of student ratings of instruction: What we know and what we do not know. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), 219–231.Google Scholar
  2. Albanese, M.A. (1991). The validity of lecturer ratings by students and trained observers. Academic Medicine, 66(1), 26–28.Google Scholar
  3. Aleamoni, L.M. (1976). Typical faculty concerns about student evaluation of instruction. National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture Journal, 20(1), 16–21.Google Scholar
  4. Aleamoni, L.M. (1978a). Development and factorial validation of the Arizona Course/Instructor Evaluation Questionnaire. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 38, 1063–1067.Google Scholar
  5. Aleamoni, L.M. (1978b). The usefulness of student evaluations in improving college teaching. Instructional Science, 7, 95–105.Google Scholar
  6. Aleamoni, L.M., & Yimer, M. (1974). Graduating senior ratings' relationship to colleague rating, student rating, research productivity and academic rank in rating instructional effectiveness (Research Report No. 352). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of instructional Resources, Measurement and Research Division.Google Scholar
  7. Aleamoni, L.M., & Graham, M.H. (1974). The relationship between CEO ratings and instructor's rank, class size, and course level. Journal of Educational Measurement, 11, 189–202.Google Scholar
  8. Aleamoni, L.M., & Hexner, P.Z. (1980). A review of the research on student evaluation and a report on the effect of different sets of instructions on student course and instructor evaluation. Instructional Science, 9, 67–84.Google Scholar
  9. Aleamoni, L.M., & Spencer, R.E. (1973). The Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire: A description of its development and a report of some of its results. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 33, 669–684.Google Scholar
  10. Aleamoni, L.M., & Thomas, G.S. (1980). Differential relationships of student, instructor, and course characteristics to general and specific items on a course evaluation questionnaire. Teaching of Psychology, 7(4), 233–235.Google Scholar
  11. Aleamoni, L.M., & Yimer, M. (1973). An investigation of the relationship between colleague rating, student rating, research productivity, and academic rank in rating instructional effectiveness. Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 274–277.Google Scholar
  12. Amin, M.E. (1994). Gender as a discriminating factor in the evaluation of teaching. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 19(2), 135–143.Google Scholar
  13. Andrew, M.D., Gauthier, S.A., & Jelmberg, J.R. (1993). Comparing student perceptions of instruction in teacher education and on education courses. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 6(4), 359–366.Google Scholar
  14. Arubayi, E.A. (1987). Improvement of instruction and teacher effectiveness: Are student ratings reliable and valid? Higher Education, 16(3), 26–278.Google Scholar
  15. Atamian, R., & Ganguli, G. (1993). Teacher popularity and teaching effectiveness: Viewpoint of accounting students. Journal of Education for Business, 68(3), 163–169.Google Scholar
  16. Baird, J.S., Jr. (1987). Perceived learning in relation to student evaluation to university instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(1), 90–91.Google Scholar
  17. Basow, S.A., & Silverg, N.T. (1987). Student evaluations of college professors: Are female and male professors rated differently? Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(3), 308–314.Google Scholar
  18. Beatty, M.J., & Zahn, C.J. (1990). Are student ratings of communication instructors due to “easy” grading practices? An analysis of teacher credibility and student-reported performance levels. Communication Education, 39(4), 275–282.Google Scholar
  19. Bendig, A.W. (1952). A preliminary study of the effect of academic level. sex, and course variables on student rating of psychology instructors. Journal of Psychology, 34, 2–126.Google Scholar
  20. Bendig, A.W. (1953). Relation of level of course achievement of students, instructor and course ratings in introductory psychology. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 13, 437–488.Google Scholar
  21. Benz, C., & Blatt, S.J. (1995). Factors underlying effective college teaching: What students tell us. Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 8(1), 27–31.Google Scholar
  22. Blunt, A. (1991). The effects of anonymity and manipulated grades on student ratings of instructors. Community College Review, 18(4), 48–54.Google Scholar
  23. Borgatta, E.F. (1970). Student ratings of faculty. American Association of University Professors, Bulletin, 56, 6–7.Google Scholar
  24. Braunstein, D.N., Klein, G.A., & Pachla, M. (1973). Feedback, expectancy and shifts in student ratings of college faculty. Journal of Applied Psychology, 58, 254–258.Google Scholar
  25. Burdsal, C.A., & Bardo, J.W. (1986). Measuring student's perceptions of teaching: Dimensions of evaluation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 46, 63–79.Google Scholar
  26. Cashin, W.E. (1990). Students do rate academic fields differently. New Directions for Teaching and Learning (Student Ratings of Instruction: Issues for Improving Practice), 43, 113–121.Google Scholar
  27. Cashin, W.E., & Downey, R.G. (1992). Using global student rating items for summative evaluation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(4), 563–572.Google Scholar
  28. Centra, J.A. (1973a). Effectiveness of student feedback in modifying college instruction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 65, 395–401.Google Scholar
  29. Centra, J.A. (1973b). The student as godfather? The impact of student ratings on academia. In A.L. Sockloff (ed.), Proceedings of the First Invitational Conference on Faculty Effectiveness as Evaluated by Students. Philadelphia: Temple University, Measurement and Research Center.Google Scholar
  30. Clark, K.E., & Keller, R.J. (1954). Student ratings of college teaching. In R.A. Eckert (ed.), A university looks at its program. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  31. Cohen, J., & Humphreys, L.G. (1960). Memorandum to faculty (unpublished manuscript). University of Illinois, Department of Psychology.Google Scholar
  32. Cohen, P.A. (1989). Do grades influence students' evaluations of clinical courses? Journal of Dental Education, 53(4), 238–240.Google Scholar
  33. Cohen, P.A. (1991). Effectiveness of student rating feedback and consultation for improving instruction in dental schools. Journal of Dental Education, 55(2), 145–150.Google Scholar
  34. Conran, P.B. (1991). High school student evaluation of student teachers: How do they compare with professionals? Illinois School Research and Development, 27(2), 81–92.Google Scholar
  35. Costin, F., Greenough, W.T., & Menges, R.J. (1971). Student ratings of college teaching: Reliability, validity, and usefulness. Review of Educational Research, 41, 511–535.Google Scholar
  36. Deming, W.E. (1972). Memorandum on teaching. The American Statistician, 26, 47.Google Scholar
  37. Dickinson, D.J. (1990). The relationship between ratings of teacher performance and student learning. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 15(2), 142–151.Google Scholar
  38. Divoky, J.J., & Rothermel, M.A. (1988). Student perceptions of the relative importance of dimensions of teaching performance across type of class. Educational Research Quarterly, 12(3), 40–45.Google Scholar
  39. Donaldson, J.F., Flannery, D., & Ross-Gordon, J. (1993). A triangulated study comparing adult college students' perceptions of effective teaching with those of traditional students. Continuing Higher Education Review, 57(3), 147–165.Google Scholar
  40. Downie, N.E.W. (1952). Student evaluation of faculty. Journal of Higher Education, 23, 495–496, 503.Google Scholar
  41. Doyle, K.O., & Whitely, S.E. (1974). Student ratings as criteria for effective teaching. American Educational Research Journal, 11, 259–274.Google Scholar
  42. Drews, D.R., Burroughs, W.J., & Nokovich, D.A. (1987). Teacher self-ratings as a validity criterion for student evaluations. Teaching of Psychology, 14(1), 23–25.Google Scholar
  43. Drucker, A.J., & Remers, H.H. (1951). Do alumni and students differ in their attitudes toward instructors? Journal of Educational Psychology, 42, 129–143.Google Scholar
  44. Dukes, R.L., & Victoria, G. (1989). The effects of gender, status, and effective teaching on the evaluation of college instruction. Teaching Sociology, 17(4), 447–457.Google Scholar
  45. Ellet, C.D., Loup, K.S., & Culross, R.R. (1997). Assessing enhancement of learning, personal learning environment, and student efficacy: Alterative to traditional faculty evaluation in higher education. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 11(2), 167–192.Google Scholar
  46. Everly, J.C., & Aleamoni, L.M. (1972). The rise and fall of the advisor: Students attempt to evaluate their instructors. Journal of the National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture, 16(2), 43–45.Google Scholar
  47. Feldman, K.A. (1978). Course characteristics and college students' ratings of their teachers: What we know and what we don't. Research in Higher Education, 9, 199–242.Google Scholar
  48. Feldman, K.A. (1989). The association between student ratings of specific instructional dimensions and student achievement: Refining and extending the synthesis of data from multisection validity studies. Research in Higher Education, 30(6), 583–645.Google Scholar
  49. Feldman, K.A. (1993). College students' views of male and female college teachers: Part II, Evidence from students' evaluations of their classroom teachers. Research in Higher Education, 34(2), 151–211.Google Scholar
  50. Fernandez, J., & Mateo, M.A. (1997). Student and faculty gender in rating of university teaching quality. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 37(11–12), 997–1003.Google Scholar
  51. Freeman, H.R. (1994). Student evaluations of college instructors: Effects of type of course taught, instructor gender and gender role, and student gender. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86(4), 627–630.Google Scholar
  52. Frey, P.W. (1973). Student ratings of teaching: Validity of several rating factors. Science, 182, 83–85.Google Scholar
  53. Frey, P.W. (1978). A two-dimensional analysis of student ratings of instruction. Research in Higher Education, 9, 69–91.Google Scholar
  54. Gage, N.L. (1961). The appraisal of college teaching. Journal of Higher Education, 32, 17–22.Google Scholar
  55. Gessner, P.K. (1973). Evaluation of instruction. Science, 180, 566–569.Google Scholar
  56. Gigliotti, R.J., & Buchtel, F.S. (1990). Attributional bias and course evaluations. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), 341–351.Google Scholar
  57. Gillmore, G.M. (1973). Estimates of reliability coefficients for items and subscales of the Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire (Research Report No. 341). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement, and Research Division.Google Scholar
  58. Gillmore, G.M., & Brandenburg, D.C. (1974). Would the proportion of students taking a class as a requirement affect the student rating of the course? (Research Report No. 347). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement, and Research Division.Google Scholar
  59. Goldberg, G, & Callahan, J. (1991). Objectivity of student evaluations of instructors. Journal of Education for Business, 66(6), 377–378.Google Scholar
  60. Goldman, L. (1993). On the erosion of education and the eroding foundation of teacher education (or why we should not take student evaluation of faculty seriously). Teacher Education Quarterly, 20(2), 57–64.Google Scholar
  61. Goodhartz, A.S. (1948). Student attitudes and opinions relating to teaching at Brooklyn College. School and Society, 68, 345–349.Google Scholar
  62. Goodwin, L.D., & Stevens, E.A. (1993). The influence of gender on university faculty members' perceptions of “good” teaching. Journal of Higher Education, 64(2), 166–185.Google Scholar
  63. Grush, J.E., & Costin, F. (1975). The student as consumer of the teaching process. American Educational Research Journal, 12, 55–66.Google Scholar
  64. Guthrie, E.R. (1949). The evaluation of teaching. Educational Record, 30, 109–115.Google Scholar
  65. Guthrie, E.R. (1954). The evaluation of teaching: A progress report. Seattle: University of Washington.Google Scholar
  66. Hancock, G.R., Shannon, D.M., & Trentham, L.L. (1992). Student and teacher gender ratings of university faculty: Results from five colleges of study. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 6(3), 235–248.Google Scholar
  67. Harrison, P.D., Ryan, J.M., & Moore, P.S. (1996). College students' self-insight and common implicit theories in ratings of teaching effectiveness. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88(4), 775–782.Google Scholar
  68. Hativa, N. (1996). University instructors' rating profiles: Stability over time, and disciplinary differences. Research in Higher Education, 37(3), 341–365.Google Scholar
  69. Hayes, J.R. (1971). Research, teaching and faculty fate. Science, 172, 227–230.Google Scholar
  70. Heilman, J.D., & Armentrout, W.D. (1936). The rating of college teachers on ten traits by their students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 197–216.Google Scholar
  71. Hildebrand, M., Wilson, R.C., & Dienst, E.R. (1971). Evaluating university teaching. Berkeley: University of California, Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.Google Scholar
  72. Hogan, T.P. (1973). Similarity of student ratings across instructors, courses and time. Research in Higher Education, 1, 149–154.Google Scholar
  73. Isaacson, R.L., McKeachie, W.J., Milholland, J.E., Lin, Y.G., Hotelier, M., Baerwaldt, J.W. & Zinn, K.L. (1964). Dimensions of student evaluations of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology, 55, 344–351.Google Scholar
  74. Johannessen, T.A. (1997). What is important to students? Exploring dimensions in their evaluations of teachers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 41(2), 165–177.Google Scholar
  75. Kierstead, D., D'Agostino, P., & Dill, H. (1988). Sex role stereotyping of college professors: Bias in students' ratings of instructors. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(3), 342–344.Google Scholar
  76. Kohlan, R.G. (1973). A comparison of faculty evaluations early and late in the course. Journal of Higher Education, 44, 587–595.Google Scholar
  77. Koon, J., & Murray, H.G. Using multiple outcomes to validate student ratings of overall teacher effectiveness. Journal of Higher Education, 66(1), 61–81.Google Scholar
  78. Krehbiel, T.C., & associates (1997). Using student disconfirmation as a measure of classroom effectiveness. Journal of Education for Business, 72(4), 224–229.Google Scholar
  79. L'Hommedieu, R., Menges, R.J., & Brinko, K.T. (1990). Methodological explanations for modest effects of feedback from student ratings. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), 232–241.Google Scholar
  80. Lin, W.Y. (1992). Is class size a bias to student ratings of university faculty? A review. Chinese University of Education Journal, 20(1), 49–53.Google Scholar
  81. Linsky, A.S., & Straus, M.A. (1975). Student evaluations, research productivity and eminence of college faculty. Journal of Higher Education, 46, 89–102.Google Scholar
  82. Lovell, G.D., & Haner, C.F. (1955). Forced-choice applied to college faculty rating. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 15, 291–304.Google Scholar
  83. Ludwig, J.M., & Meacham, J.A. (1997). Teaching controversial courses: Student evaluations of instructor and content. Educational Research Quarterly, 21(1), 27–38.Google Scholar
  84. Luek, T.L. (1993). The interaction effects of gender on teaching evaluations. Journalism Educator, 48(3), 235–248.Google Scholar
  85. Macdonald, A. (1987). Student views on excellent courses. Agricultural Education Magazine, 60(3), 19–22.Google Scholar
  86. Marlin, J.W., Jr. (1987). Student perceptions of end-of-course evaluation. Journal of Higher Education, 58(6), 704–716.Google Scholar
  87. Marsh, H.W. (1977). The validity of students' evaluations: Classroom evaluations of instructors independently nominated as best and worst teachers by graduating seniors. American Educational Research Journal, 14, 441–447.Google Scholar
  88. Marsh, H.W. (1984). Students' evaluations of university teaching: Dimensionality, reliability, validity, potential biases, and utility. Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 707–754.Google Scholar
  89. Marsh, H.W. (1987). Students' evaluations of university teaching: Research findings, methodological issues, and directions for future research. International Journal of Educational Research, 11(3), 253–388.Google Scholar
  90. Marsh, H.W., & Bailey, M. (1993). Multidimensional students' evaluation of teaching effectiveness. Journal of Higher Education, 64(1), 1–18.Google Scholar
  91. Marsh, H.W., Fleiner, H., & Thomas, C.S. (1975). Validity and usefulness of student evaluations of instructional quality. Journal of Educational Psychology, 67, 833–839.Google Scholar
  92. Marsh, H.W., Overall, J.U., & Kesler, S.P. (1979). Class size, student evaluations, and instructional effectiveness. American Educational Research Journal, 16, 57–69.Google Scholar
  93. Marsh, H.W., & Overall, J.U. (1979). Long-term stability of students' evaluations: A note of Feldman's consistency and variability among college students in rating their teachers and courses. Research in Higher Education, 10, 139–147.Google Scholar
  94. Marsh, H.W., & Roche, L. (1993). The use of students' evaluations and an individually structured intervention to enhance university teaching effectiveness. American Educational Research Journal, 30(1), 217–251.Google Scholar
  95. Maslow, A.H., & Zimmerman, W. (1956). College teaching ability, scholarly activity and personality. Journal of Educational Psychology, 47, 185–189.Google Scholar
  96. Mateo, M.A. & Fernandez, J. (1996). Incidence of class size on the evaluation of university teaching quality. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56(5), 771–778.Google Scholar
  97. McBean, E.A. (1991). Analyses of teaching and course questionnaires: A case study. Engineering Education, 81(4), 439–441.Google Scholar
  98. McBean, E.A., & Lennox, W.C. (1987). Measurement of quality of teaching and course by a single question versus a weighted set. European Journal of Engineering Education, 12(4), 329–335.Google Scholar
  99. McDaniel, E.D., & Feldhusen, J.F. (1970). Relationships between faculty ratings and indexes of service and scholarship. Proceedings of the Seventy-Eighth Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, 5, 619–620.Google Scholar
  100. McGrath, E.J. (1962). Characteristics of outstanding college teachers. Journal of Higher Education, 33, 148.Google Scholar
  101. McKeachie, W.J. (1979). Student ratings of faculty: A reprise. Academe, 65, 384–397.Google Scholar
  102. McKeachie, W.J., Lin, Y.G., & Mendelson, C.N. (1978). A small study assessing teacher effectiveness: Does learning last? Contemporary, Educational Psychology, 3, 352–357.Google Scholar
  103. Melland, H.I. (1996). Great researcher... good teacher? Journal of Professional Nursing, 12(1), 31–38.Google Scholar
  104. Menges, R.J. (1973). The new reporters: Students rate instruction. In C.R. Pace (ed.), New directions in higher education: evaluating learning and teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  105. Miller, M.T. (1971). Instructor attitudes toward, and their use of, student ratings of teachers. Journal of Educational Psychology, 62, 235–239.Google Scholar
  106. Moritsch, B.G., & Suter, W.N. (1988). Correlates of halo error in teacher evaluation. Educational Research Quarterly, 12(3), 29–34.Google Scholar
  107. Nimmer, J.G., & Stone, E.F. (1991). Effects of grading practices and time of rating on student ratings of faculty performance and student learning. Research in Higher Education, 32(2), 195–215.Google Scholar
  108. Null, E.J., & Nicholson, E.W. (1972). Personal variables of students and their perception of university instructors. College Student Journal, 6, 6–9.Google Scholar
  109. O'Connell, D.Q., & Dickenson, D.J. (1993). Student ratings of instruction as a function of testing conditions and perceptions of amount learned. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 27(1), 18–23.Google Scholar
  110. O'Reilly, M.T. (1987). Relationship of physical attractiveness to students ratings of teaching effectiveness. Journal of Dental Education, 51(10), 600–602.Google Scholar
  111. Overall, J.U., & Marsh, H.W. (1979). Midterm feedback from students: Its relationship to instructional improvement and students' cognitive and affective outcomes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 856–865.Google Scholar
  112. Palchik, N.S. (1988). Student assessment of teaching effectiveness in a multi-instructor course for multidisciplinary health professional students. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 11(1), 55–73.Google Scholar
  113. Perry, R.P., Abrami, P.C., & Leventhal, L. (1979). Educational seduction: The effect of instructor expressiveness and lecture content on student ratings and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 71, 107–116.Google Scholar
  114. Petchers, M.K., & Chow, J.C. (1988). Sources of variation in students' evaluations of instruction in a graduate social work program. Journal of Social Work Education, 24(1), 35–42.Google Scholar
  115. Pohlmann, J.T. (1975). A multivariate analysis of selected class characteristics and student ratings of instruction. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 10(1), 81–91.Google Scholar
  116. Prave, R.S., & Baril, G.L. (1993). Instructor ratings: Controlling for bias from initial student interest. Journal of Education for Business, 68(6), 362–366.Google Scholar
  117. Prosser, M., & Trigwell, K. (1990). Student evaluations of teaching and courses: Student study strategies as a criterion of validity. Higher Education, 20(2), 135–142.Google Scholar
  118. Rayder, N.F. (1968). College student ratings of instructors. Journal of Experimental Education, 37, 76–81.Google Scholar
  119. Riley, J.W., Ryan, B.F., & Lipschitz, M. (1950). The student looks at his teacher. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  120. Rodabaugh, R.C., & Kravitz, D.A. (1994). Effects of procedural fairness on student judgements of professors. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 5(2), 67–83.Google Scholar
  121. Rodin, M., Frey, P.W., & Gessner, P.K. (1975). Student evaluation. Science, 187, 555–559.Google Scholar
  122. Rodin, M., & Rodin, B. (1972). Student evaluations of teachers. Science, 177, 1164–1166.Google Scholar
  123. Ryan, J.M., & Harrison, P.D. (1995). The relationship between individual instructional characteristics and the overall assessment of teaching effectiveness across different instructional contexts. Research and Development in Education, 36(5), 577–594.Google Scholar
  124. Sailor, P., Worthen, B.R., & Shin, E.H. (1997). Class level as a possible mediator of the relationship between grades and student ratings of teaching. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 22(3), 261–269.Google Scholar
  125. Scherr, F.C., & Scherr, S.S. (1990). Bias in student evaluation of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Education for Business, 65(8), 356–358.Google Scholar
  126. Schmelkin, L.P., & Spencer, K.J. (1997). Faculty perspectives on course and teacher evaluations. Research in Higher Education, 38(5), 75–92.Google Scholar
  127. Schuckman, H. (1990). Students' perception of faculty and graduate students as classroom teachers. Teaching of Psychology, 17(3), 162–165.Google Scholar
  128. Schum, T.R., & Vindra, K.J. (1996). Relationship between systematic feedback to faculty and ratings of clinical teaching. Academic Medicine, 71(10), 1100–1102.Google Scholar
  129. Shapiro, E.G. (1990). Effect of instructor and class characteristics on students' class evaluations. Research in Higher Education, 3(2), 135–148.Google Scholar
  130. Shepherd, G.J., & Trank, D.M. (1989). Individual differences in consistency of evaluation: Student perceptions of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 22(3), 45–52.Google Scholar
  131. Sherman, T.M. (1978). The effects of student formative evaluation of instruction on teacher behavior. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 6, 209–217.Google Scholar
  132. Shmanske, S. (1988). On the measurement of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Economic Education, 19(4), 307–314.Google Scholar
  133. Singhal, S. (1968). Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire items by rank of instructor, sex of the instructor and sex of the student (Research Report No. 282). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement, and Research Division.Google Scholar
  134. Stallings, W.M., & Singhal, S. (1968). Some observations on the relationships between productivity and student evaluations of course and teaching (Research Report No. 274). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement, and Research Division.Google Scholar
  135. Stevens, J.J., & Aleamoni, L.M. (1985). The use of evaluative feedback for instructional improvement: A longitudinal perspective. Instructional Science, 13, 285–304.Google Scholar
  136. Sullivan, A.M., & Skanes, G.R. (1974). Validity of student evaluation of teaching and the characteristics of successful instructors. Journal of Educational Psychology, 66, 584–590.Google Scholar
  137. Summers, M.A., Anderson, J.L., Hines, A.R., Gelder, B.C., & Dean, R.S. (1996). The camera adds more than pounds: Gender differences in course satisfaction for campus and distance learning students. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 29(4), 212–219.Google Scholar
  138. Tang, T.L.-P. (1997). Teaching evaluation at a public institution of higher education: Factors related to the overall teaching effectiveness. Public Personnel Management, 26(3), 379–389.Google Scholar
  139. Tatro, C.N. (1995). Gender effects on student evaluations of faculty. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 28(3), 169–173.Google Scholar
  140. Teven, J.J., & McCroskey, J.C. (1997). The relationship of perceived teacher caring with student learning and teacher evaluation. Communications Education, 46(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  141. Tollefson, N., Chen, J.S., & Kleinsasser, A. (1989). The relationship of students' attitudes about effective teaching to students' ratings of effective teaching. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 49(3), 529–536.Google Scholar
  142. Trick, L.R. (1993). Do grades affect faculty teaching evaluations? Journal of Optometric Education, 18(3), 88–92.Google Scholar
  143. Voeks, V.W. (1962). Publications and teaching effectiveness. Journal of Higher Education, 33, 212.Google Scholar
  144. Vu, T.R., Marriott, D.J., Skeff, K.M., Stratos, G.A., & Litzelman, D.K. (1997). Prioritizing areas for faculty development of clinical teachers by using student evaluations for evidence-based decisions. Academic Medicine, 72(10), 57–59.Google Scholar
  145. Walker, B.D. (1969). An investigation of selected variables relative to the manner in which a population of junior college students evaluate their teachers. Dissertation Abstracts, 29(9-B), 3474.Google Scholar
  146. Ware, J.E., & Williams, R.G. (1977). Discriminate analysis of student ratings as a means of identifying lecturers who differ in enthusiasm or information giving. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 37, 627–639.Google Scholar
  147. Waters, M., Kemp, E., & Pucci, A. (1988). High and low faculty evaluations: Descriptions by students. Teaching of Psychology, 15(4), 203–204.Google Scholar
  148. Watkins, D. (1990). Student ratings of tertiary courses for “alternative calendar” purposes. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 15(1), 12–21.Google Scholar
  149. Wheeless, V.E., & Potorti, P.F. (1989). Student assessment of teacher masculinity and femininity: A test of the sex role congruency hypothesis on student attitudes toward learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81(2), 259–262.Google Scholar
  150. Wilson, R. (1998). New research casts doubt on value of comparing adult college students perceptions of effective teaching with those of traditional students. Chronicle of Higher Education, 44(19), A12–A14.Google Scholar
  151. Winocur, S., Schoen, L.G., & Sirowatka, A.H. (1989). Perceptions of male and female academics within a teaching context. Research in Higher Education, 30(3), 317–329.Google Scholar
  152. Wood, K., Linsky, A.S., & Straus, M.A. (1974). Class size and student evaluations of faculty. Journal of Higher Education, 45, 524–534.Google Scholar
  153. Yongkittikul, C., Gillmore, G.M., & Brandenburg, D.C. (1974). Does the time of course meeting affect course ratings by students? (Research Report No. 346). Urbana: University of Illinois, Office of Instructional Resources, Measurement, and Research Division.Google Scholar
  154. Zahn, D.K., & Schramm, R.M. (1992). Student perception of teacher effectiveness based on teacher employment and course skill level. Business Education Forum, 46(3), 16–18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence M. Aleamoni
    • 1
  1. 1.Special Education, Rehabilitation, and School PsychologyUniversity of ArizonaTucson

Personalised recommendations