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Bioseparation

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 145–154 | Cite as

Pervaporative stripping of acetone, butanol and ethanol to improve ABE fermentation

  • Kawedia D. Jitesh
  • Vishwas G. Pangarkar
  • K. Niranjan
Article

Abstract

Acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation by anaerobic bacterium C. acetobutylicum is a potential source for feedstock chemicals. The problem of product induced inhibition makes this fermentation economically infeasible. Pervaporation is studied as an effective separation technique to remove the toxic inhibitory products. Various membranes like Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR), Ethylene Propylene Diene Rubber (EPDM), plain Poly Dimethyl Siloxane (PDMS) and silicalite filled PDMS were studied for the removal of acetone, butanol and ethanol, from binary aqueous mixtures and from a quaternary mixture. It was found that the overall performance of PDMS filled with 15% w/w of silicalite was the best for removal of butanol in binary mixture study. SBR performance was best for the quaternary mixture studied.

acetone butanol ethylene-propylene-diene-rubber pervaporation polydimethyl-siloxane styrene-butadiene-rubber 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kawedia D. Jitesh
    • 1
  • Vishwas G. Pangarkar
    • 1
  • K. Niranjan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical TechnologyUniversity of MumbaiMatunga, MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and TechnologyUniversity of Reading, WhitenightsReadingUK

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