Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 12, Issue 3–5, pp 441–451 | Cite as

Microalgal biotechnology at the turn of the millennium: A personal view

  • Amos Richmond
Article
algal biotechnology cost effectiveness light curve light regime limits of productivity photobioreactor efficiency photosynthetic efficiency strong light tultrahigh cell density 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous (1967) International Action to Avert the Impending Protein Crisis. U.N. Publication Sales No E. 68 XIII 2.Google Scholar
  2. Burlew JS (ed.) (1953) Algal Cultures from Laboratory to Pilot Plant. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 600, Washington D.C. 357 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Goldman JC (1980) Physiological aspects in algal mass cultures. In Shelef G, Soeder CJ (eds), Algae Biomass. Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, pp. 343-360.Google Scholar
  4. Hu Q (1995) A quantitative assessment of factors limiting growth and productivity in continuous outdoor cultures of microalgae. Ph.D. dissertation, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 119 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Hu Q, Guterman H, Richmond A (1996a) A flat inclined modular photobioreactor for outdoor mass cultivation of photoautotrophs. Biotechnol. Bioengng 51: 51-60.Google Scholar
  6. Hu Q, Guterman H, Richmond A (1996b) Physiological characteristics of Spirulina platensis (cyanobacteria) cultured at ultrahigh cell densities. J. Phycol. 32: 1066-1073.Google Scholar
  7. Hu Q, Kurano N, Kawachi M, Iwasaki I, Miyachi S (1998a) Ultrahigh-cell-density culture of a marine green alga Chlorococcum littorale in a flat-plate photobioreactor. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 49: 655-662.Google Scholar
  8. Hu Q, Zarmi Y, Richmond A (1998b) Combined effects of light intensity, light-path and culture density on output rate of Spirulina platensis (cyanobacteria). Eur. J. Phycol. 33: 165-171.Google Scholar
  9. Imada N, Kobayashi K, Isomura K, Saito H, Kimura S, Tahara K, Oshima Y (1992) Isolation and idfentification of an autoinhibitor produced by Skeletonema costatum. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 58: 1687-1692.Google Scholar
  10. Javanmardian M, Palsson BO (1991) High-density photoautotrophic algal cultures: design, construction, and operation of a novel photobioreactor system. Biotechnol. Bioengng 38: 1182-1189.Google Scholar
  11. Kirk JTO (ed.) (1983) Light and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 401 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Myers J (1953) Growth characteristics of algae in relation to the problem of mass culture. In Burlew JS (ed.), Algal Cultures from Laboratory to Pilot Plant, Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 600, Washington D.C., 357 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Pirt SJ (1983) Maximum photosynthetic efficiency: a problem to be resolved. Biotechnol. Bioengng 24: 1915-1922.Google Scholar
  14. Pirt SJ, Lee YK, Richmond A, Pirt MW (1980) The photosynthetic efficiency of Chlorella biomass growth with reference to solar energy utilization. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 30: 25-34.Google Scholar
  15. Pulz O (1992) Cultivation techniques for microalgae in open and closed system. Proceeding 1st European Workshop on Microalgal Biotechnology, Bergholz-Rehbrücke, Germany, pp. 61-66.Google Scholar
  16. Pulz O, Broneske J (1995) Layer thickness in photoreactor design. Proceedings 2nd European Workshop on Microalgal Biotechnology, Bergholz-Rehbrücke, Germany, p. 38.Google Scholar
  17. Pulz O, Scheibenbogen (1998) Photobioreactors: design and performance with respect to light energy input. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology 59: 124-152.Google Scholar
  18. Raven JA (1988) Limits to growth. In Borowitzka MA, Borowitzka LJ (eds), Micro-algal Biotechnology. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 331-356.Google Scholar
  19. Tredici MR (1999) Bioreactors, photo. In Flickinger MC, Drew SW (eds), Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Technology: Fermentation, Biocatalysis and Bioseparation. John Wiley & Sons, pp. 395-419.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amos Richmond
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dryland Biotechnologies, The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert ResearchBen-Gurion University of the NegevIsrael

Personalised recommendations