Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 81–91 | Cite as

Quantitative Holocene climatic reconstruction from Arctic Russia

  • A.A. Andreev
  • V.A. Klimanov


Vegetation changes reflected in fossil pollen spectra are a primary source of information about climate fluctuations in the past. A statistical-information (transfer function) method based on the correlation of recent pollen spectra with modern climate conditions has been used to reconstruct Holocene climatic changes from fossil pollen. Climatic variables used for the reconstructions are the mean annual, January, July temperatures and annual precipitation. Peat sections with pollen and 14C data from the Arctic Russia were used for the reconstructions. The reconstructed climate fluctuations are similar to the climate changes obtained from many sites in the former USSR. A clear signal for Younger Dryas cooling, 11,000-10,000 yr BP and early Preboreal warming is apparent. The early Preboreal (10,000-9000 yr BP) was the warmest time for sites from modern coastal and island areas. The warm interval occurred in the Boreal period, about 8500 yr BP. According to the reconstructions the warmest time for non-coastal areas was the last half of Atlantic period, 6000-4500 yr BP. Other warm intervals were reconstructed about 3500 and 1000 yr BP. Reconstructions show that warming periods are primarily defined as times of increased summer temperatures, and cooling periods as time of decreased winter temperatures. The precipitation followed the temperatures: during the warming periods precipitation increased and during the cooling periods it decreased. Precipitation maximum, about 100 mm higher than present, are reconstructed for the warmest interval, 6000-4500 yr BP at all sites.

fossil pollen climate reconstruction Holocene Arctic Russia 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andreev, A. A. & V. A. Klimanov, 1989. Vegetation and climate history of Central Yakutia during the Holocene and Late Pleistocene. In Ivanov B. F. & B. F. Palymsky (eds), Formirovanie rel'efa, korelyatnykh otlozheny i rossypei Severo-Vostoka SSSR. Publishing House of SVKNII, Magadan, 28–51 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Andreev, A. A., V. A. Klimanov, E. N. Ospennikov & L. D. Sulerzhitsky, 1993. Paleo environmental conditions of Southern Yakutia during the Holocene and Late Pleistocene. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geogr. 6: 89–100 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Andreev, A. A., V. A. Klimanov & L. D. Sulerzhitsky, submitted (a). Vegetation and climate history on the Yana River lowlands during the last 6400 yrs. Quat. Sci. Rev.Google Scholar
  4. Andreev, A. A., V. I. Nikolaev, D. Yu. Bol'shiyanov & V. N. Petrov, 1997a. Pollen and isotope investigations of an ice core from Vavilov Ice Cap, October Revolution Island, Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russia. Geographic. Phys. Quat. 51(3) 379–389.Google Scholar
  5. Andreev, A. A., P. E. Tarasov, F. A. Romanenko & L. D. Sulerzhitsky, 1997b. The Younger Dryas pollen records from Sverdrup Island (Kara Sea). Quat. Int. 41/42: 135–139.Google Scholar
  6. Andreev, A. A., P. E. Tarasov, F. A. Romanenko, L. D. Sulerzhitsky & K. I. Terekhov, 1998. Vegetation development on the west coast of Baidaratskaya Guba during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Stratigr. Geol. Kor. 5: 235–247 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. Andreev, A. A., A. A. Velichko & V. A. Klimanov, 1995. Environmental changes in tundra and forest zones of Northern Eurasia during the last 12000 yr. In Burzin M. B. (ed.), Dinamika ekosistem i evolyutsiya biosfery. V.2, Moscow, Paleontological Institute RAN, 105–118 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Andreev, A. A., B. G. Warner, R. Aravena, A. A. Bobrov & A. A. Velichko, submitted b. Environmental changes in a 6000 yr peat record in the north Yenisei River valley, East Siberia, Russia. Can. J. Earth Sci.Google Scholar
  9. Bezus'ko, L. G., V. A. Klimanov & Yu. P. Shelyag-Sosonko, 1988. Climatic conditions of Ukraine in Late Pleistocene and Holocene. In Khotinsky N. A. & V. A. Klimanov (eds), Paleoklimaty golotsena Evropeiskoi teritorii SSSR. Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, 125–137 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Bryson, R. A. & J. E. Kutzbach, 1974. On the analysis of pollen and climate canonical transfer functions. Quat. Res. 4: 162–174.Google Scholar
  11. Bolikhovskaya, N. S., V. F. Bolikhovskiy & V. A. Klimanov, 1988. Climatic and cryogenic factors of peatland development on northeast of European part of USSR during the Holocene. In Khotinsky N. A. & V. A. Klimanov (eds), Paleoklimaty golotsena Evropeiskoi teritorii SSSR. Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, 36–44 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Bourgeois, J. C., 1990. Seasonal and annual variation of pollen content in the snow of Canadian High Arctic ice cap. Boreas. 19: 313–322.Google Scholar
  13. Climatic atlas of the USSR (Klimaticheskii atlas SSSR), 1960. Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow, 360 pp (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Guiot, J., S. P. Harrison & I. C. Prentice, 1993. Reconstruction of Holocene precipitation patterns in Europe using pollen and lakelevel date. Quat. Res. 40: 139–149.Google Scholar
  15. Heusser, C. J., L. E. Heuser & D. M. Peteet. Late-Quaternary climatic change on the American North Pacific Coast. Nature 315: 485–487.Google Scholar
  16. Hughes, M. K. & H. F. Diaz, 1994. Was there a ‘Medieval warm period’ and if so where and when? Clim. Change 26: 109–142.Google Scholar
  17. Khotinsky, N. A., 1977. Holocene of Northern Eurasia (Golotsen severnoi Evrazii), Nauka, Moscow, 200 pp (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. Khotinsky, N. A., 1984. Holocene climatic changes. In Velichko A.A., H. E. Wright & C. W. Barnosky (eds), Late Quaternary Environments of the Soviet Union. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 21–30.Google Scholar
  19. Klimanov, V. A., 1976. A technique of quantitative climate reconstruction for the past. Vestnik MGU, Ser. Geogr. 2: 92–98 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Klimanov, V. A., 1984. Paleoclimatic reconstruction based on the information-statistical method. In Velichko A. A., H. E. Wright & C. W. Barnosky (eds), Late Quaternary Environments of the Soviet Union. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 297–303.Google Scholar
  21. Klimanov, V. A. & G. A. Elina, 1984. Climatic changes in northwest of Russian Plain during the Holocene. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 274(5): 1163–1166 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. Klimanov, V. A. & M. V. Nikol'skaya, 1983. Analysis of recent pollen spectra and Holocene climatic characteristics of the north of Central Siberia. In A. M. Korotky (ed.), Paleogeografischeskii analiz i stratigrafia antropogena Dal'nego Vostoka, Publishing House of DVNZ AN SSSR, Vladivostok, 27–49 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. Klimanov, V. A. & T. A. Serebryanaya, 1986. Vegetation and climatic changes in the middle part of the Russian Plain during the Holocene. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geogr. 2: 93–101 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Krenke, A. N. & R. V. Fedorova, 1961. Pollen and spores on the surface of Franz-Joseph Island glaciers. Mater. Glyats. Issled. 2: 57–60 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Knapp, van der, W. O., 1987. Long-distance transported pollen and spores on Spitsbergen and Jan Mayen. Pollen Spores 29: 449–453.Google Scholar
  26. MacDonald, G. M., C. V. Kremenetski, A. A. Velichko, L. C. Cwynar, R. T. Riding, A. A. Goleva, A. A. Andreev, O. K. Borisova, T. W. D. Edwards, D. Hammarlund, J. M. Szeicz, S. Forman & V. N. Gattaulin, (submitted). Eurasian treeline change linked to the North Atlantic. Quat. Res.Google Scholar
  27. Makeev, V. M., D. Yu. Bol'shiyanov & D. B. Malakhovsky, 1992. Stratigraphy and geochronology of Severnaya Zemlya Pleistocene deposit. In Ya.-Punning, M. A., I. K. Ivanova, N. V. Kind & O. A. Chichagova (eds), Geochronology of Quaternary Period. Nauka, Moscow, 32–137 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  28. Makeev, V. M. & D. P. Ponomareva, 1988. The Holocene paleogeography of Kotel'nyy Island. In Gogichaishvili N. (ed.), International Conference on the Problems of the Holocene. Abstracts, Metsniereba Publishing House, Tbilisi, 64–65.Google Scholar
  29. Nikol'skaya, M. V., 1980. Paleobotanical characteristic of Upper Pleistocene and Holocene deposits of Taymyr. In Volkova V. S. (ed.), Paleopalinologiya Sibiri, Nauka, Moscow, 97–111 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  30. Nikol'skaya M. V. & M. N. Cherkasova, 1982. Holocene flora dynamics on Taymyr (by paleovegetation and geochronological data). In Velichko A. A. (ed.), Razvitie prirody teritorii SSSR v pozdnem pleistotsene i golotsene. Nauka, Moscow, 1992–204 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  31. Peteet, D. M., A. A. Andreev, W. Bardeen & F. Mistretta, 1998. Long-term Arctic peatland dynamical history of the Pur-Taz region, Western Siberia. Boreas 27: 115–126.Google Scholar
  32. Sachs, H. M., T. Webb III & D. R. Clark, 1977. Paleoecological transfer functions. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 5: 159–178.Google Scholar
  33. Serebryanny, L., A. Andreev, E. Malyasova, P. Tarasov & F. Romanenko, 1998. Late-Glacial and Early Holocene environment in the Russian Arctic. The Holocene 8: 323–330.Google Scholar
  34. Shumova, G. M. & V. A. Klimanov, 1986. Vegetation and climate coastal zone of Middle Primorie during the Holocene. In Khotinsky N. A. (ed.), Paleoklimaty golotsena i pozdnelednikov'ya, Nauka, Moscow, 157–163 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  35. Ukraintseva, V. V., Kh. A. Arslanov, Zh. M. Belorusova & B. N. Ustinov, 1991. First data about early Holocene flora and vegetation from Bol'shoi Lyakhovsky Island (New Siberia archipelago). Bot. Zhurnal. 74(6): 70–73 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  36. Ukraintseva, V. V., 1992. New paleobotanical and palynological evidences of early Holocene climate warming in high-latitude Arctic. Bot. Zhurnal. 75(1): 70–73 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  37. Webb, T. III & R. A. Bryson, 1972. Late-and post-Glacial climate change in the Northern Midwest, USA: Quantitative estimates derived from fossil pollen spectra by multivariate statistical analysis. Quat. Res. 2: 70–115.Google Scholar
  38. Velichko, A. A., A. A. Andreev & V. A. Klimanov, 1997. The dynamics of climate and vegetation in the tundra and forest zone during the Late-Glacial and Holocene. Quat. Int. 41/42: 71–96.Google Scholar
  39. Yakushko, O. F., I. I. Bodgel & V. A. Klimanov, 1988. Climatic changes and natural zonation of Belorussia during Late Pleistocene and Holocene. In Khotinsky, N. A. & V. A. Klimanov (eds), Paleoklimaty golotsena Evropeiskoi teritorii SSSR. Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, 95–104 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.A. Andreev
    • 1
    • 2
  • V.A. Klimanov
    • 3
  1. 1.Goddard Institute for Space Studies/NASANew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations