Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 12, Issue 3–5, pp 479–488

Settlement, early growth and survival of Haliotis rubra in response to different algal species

  • Sabine Daume
  • Anton Krsinich
  • Steve Farrell
  • Mark Gervis
Article

Abstract

Five diatom species were isolated from settlementplates at Southern Ocean Mariculture, Victoria,Australia (Navicula sp., Naviculajeffreyi, Cylindrotheca closterium, Cocconeis sp., Amphora sp.) and tested insettlement experiments with Haliotis rubralarvae. Settlement was very low on single speciesdiatom films and varied between 1%–6%. Depending onthe species combination larvae preferred to settle onfilms with mixed diatom species than single speciesfilms. The highest settlement was achieved with amixed film of Navicula sp. and Amphora sp.Five and ten-day-old germlings of Sporolithondurum induced settlement of the abalone Haliotisrubra. However, the settlement rate was significantlylower on germlings than on the whole thallus of thealga. Germlings inoculated with the diatom Navicula sp. induced higher settlement than films ofthe diatom species alone. High settlement of up to52% was also achieved with germlings of the greenalga Ulvella lens. Settlement was reduced onU. lens squares inoculated with the diatom Navicula sp. but higher than on films of the diatomalone. The settlement rate was higher if plates withU. lens were previously grazed by juvenileabalone.Post-larval growth rates were higher on monospecificdiatom films than on U. lens or on S.durum. The best growth rate was obtained with Navicula sp. U. lens and S. durum areboth good settlement inducers, but are notsufficient to support rapid growth of young H.rubra post-larvae. Survival was low on U. lensand on the diatom C. closterium. We suggest thatcommercial nursery plates seeded with U. lenswill result in high and consistent settlement, whilean inoculum with Navicula sp. will ensuresufficient food for rapid growth of the post-larvae.

abalone larvae coralline red algae diatoms early growth Haliotis rubra settlement Sporolithon durum Ulvella lens 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Daume S, Brand-Gardner S, Woelkerling WJ (1999a) Preferential settlement of abalone larvae: diatom films vs non-geniculate coralline red algae. Aquaculture 174: 243-254.Google Scholar
  2. Daume S, Brand-Gardner S, Woelkerling WJ (1999b) Settlement of abalone larvae (Haliotis laevigata Donovan) in response to nongeniculate coralline red algae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 234: 125-143.Google Scholar
  3. Ebert E, Houk J (1984) Elements and innovations in the cultivation of red abalone Haliotis rufescens. Aquaculture 39: 375-392.Google Scholar
  4. Guillard R, Ryther J (1962) Studies of marine planktonic diatoms. Can. J. Microbiol. 8: 229-239.Google Scholar
  5. Hahn KO (1989) Handbook of Culture of Abalone and other Marine Gastropods. CRC Press, Boca Raton: 348 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Hoagland KD, Rosowski JR, Gretz MR, Roemer SC (1993) Diatom extracellular polymeric substances: function, fine structure, chemistry and physiology. J. Phycol. 29: 537-566.Google Scholar
  7. Ishida T, Akutsu T, Torisawa K (1995) Effects of monocultured benthic diatoms on the metamorphosis of veliger larvae and on the growth of juveniles of abalone Haliotis gigantea. Bull. Shizuoka Pref. Fish. Exp. Stn. 30: 17-21.Google Scholar
  8. Kawamura T, Kikuchi H (1992) Effects of benthic diatoms on settlement and metamorphosis of abalone larvae. Suisanzoshoku 40: 403-409.Google Scholar
  9. Kawamura T, Roberts RD, Nicholson CM (1998a) Factors affecting the food value of diatom strains for post-larval abalone Haliotis iris. Aquaculture 160: 81-88.Google Scholar
  10. Kawamura T, Saido T, Takami H, Yamashita Y (1995) Dietary value of benthic diatoms for the growth of post-larval abalone Haliotis discus hannai. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 194: 189-199.Google Scholar
  11. Kawamura T, Takami H (1995) Analysis of feeding and growth rate of newly metamorphosed abalone Haliotis discus hannai fed on four species of benthic diatom. Fisheries Sci. 61: 357-358.Google Scholar
  12. Kawamura T, Roberts RD, Nicholson CM (1998b) A review of the feeding and growth of postlarval abalone. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 615-625.Google Scholar
  13. Martinez-Ponce DR, Searcy-Bernal R (1998) Grazing rates on redabalone (Haliotis rufescens) post-larvae feeding on the benthic diatom Navicula incerta. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 627-630.Google Scholar
  14. Matthews I, Cook PA (1995) Short Communication: Diatom diet of abalone post-larvae (Haliotis midae) and the effect of pre-grazing the diatom overstory. Mar. freshwat. Res. 46: 545-548.Google Scholar
  15. Ohgai M, Wakano M, Nagai S (1991) Effect of attached microalgae on the settlement of larvae and growth of juveniles in abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino. Suisanzoshoku 39: 263-266.Google Scholar
  16. Roberts RD, Kawamura T, Nicholson CM (1999) Growth and survival of post-larval abalone (Haliotis iris) in relation to development and diatom diet. J. Shellfish Res. 18: 243-250.Google Scholar
  17. Roberts RD, Nicholson CM (1997) Variable response from abalone larvae (Haliotis iris, H. virginea) to a range of settlement cues. Moll. Res. 18: 131-142.Google Scholar
  18. Seki T (1980) An advanced biological engineering system for abalone seed production. In International Symposium on Coastal Pacific Marine Life. Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington: pp. 45-54.Google Scholar
  19. Seki T (1997) Biological studies on the seed production of the northern Japanese abalone. Bull. Tohoku. natl. Fish. Res. Inst. 59: 1-71.Google Scholar
  20. Seki T, Kan-no H (1981) Induced settlement of the Japanese abalone, Haliotis discus hannai, veliger by the mucous trails of the juvenile and adult abalones. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 43: 29-36.Google Scholar
  21. Slattery M (1992) Larval settlement and juvenile survival in the red abalone (Haliotis rufescens): an examination of inductive cues and substrate selection. Aquaculture 102: 143-153.Google Scholar
  22. Takahashi K, Koganezawa A (1988) Mass culture of Ulvella lens as a feed for abalone Haliotis discus hannai. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 70: 25-36.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Daume
    • 1
  • Anton Krsinich
    • 1
  • Steve Farrell
    • 2
  • Mark Gervis
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Ecology and EnvironmentDeakin UniversityWarrnamboolAustralia
  2. 2.Southern Ocean MariculturePort FairyAustralia

Personalised recommendations