Small Business Economics

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 427–436

Counting the Self-Employed Using Household and Business Sample Data

  • Richard J. Boden
  • Alfred R. Nucci
Article

Abstract

This study compares the number and attributes of self-employed workers using the 1982 and 1987 Characteristics of Business Owners (CBO) data and data from Annual Demographic Files (ADF) of the Current Population Survey (CPS) for the same reference years. Both sources of data have been widely used in empirical studies of entrepreneurship/self-employment. Substantial and inexplicable differences were found in the two data series' estimates of the number of self-employed men and women for both reference years. In terms of individual attributes, the CBO and CPS appear to report reasonably similar profiles of self-employed individuals in terms of marital status and geographic location, and similar systematic gender differences in the industrial distributions of these individuals. However, in terms of other attributes captured by both data series, including age, the two series exhibit notable dissimilarities.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acs, Zoltan, David Audretsch and David Evans, 1994, ‘The Determinants of Variations in Self-Employment Rates Across Countries and Over Time’, Discussion Paper No. 92-3, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung.Google Scholar
  2. Aronson, Robert L., 1991, Self-Employment, A Labor Market Perspective, Ithaca, New York: IRS Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bates, Timothy, 1989, ‘Small Business Viability in the Urban Ghetto Milieu’, Journal of Regional Science 29, 625-643.Google Scholar
  4. Bates, Timothy, 1990a, ‘The Characteristics of Business Owners Database’, Journal of Human Resources 23, 752-756.Google Scholar
  5. Bates, Timothy, 1990b, ‘Entrepreneurial Human Capital Inputs and Small Business Longevity’, Review of Economics and Statistics 72, 551-559.Google Scholar
  6. Boden, Richard, (forthcoming), ‘Gender and Self-Employment Selection: An Empirical Assessment’, Journal of Socio-Economics.Google Scholar
  7. Boden, Richard and Alfred Nucci, 1990, ‘The 1982 Characteristics of Business Owners Dataset’, Small Business Economics.Google Scholar
  8. Boden, Richard and Alfred Nucci, 1995, ‘Counting the Self-Employed from Two Perspectives: Household vs. Business Sample Data’, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for Economic Studies, Discussion Paper No. 95-11, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  9. Borjas, George and Stephen Bronars, 1988, ‘Consumer Discrimination and Self-Employment’, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 2627.Google Scholar
  10. Carrington, William and Kenneth Troske, forthcoming,’ Gender Segregation in Small Firms’, Journal of Human Resources.Google Scholar
  11. Devine, Theresa, 1994, ‘Characteristics of self-employed women in the United States’, Monthly Labor Review 117, 20-34.Google Scholar
  12. Evans, David and Linda Leighton, 1989, ‘Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship’, American Economic Review 79, 519-535.Google Scholar
  13. Haber, Sheldon, Enrique Lamas and Jules Lichtenstein, 1987,’ On Their Own: the Self-Employed and Others in Private Business’, Monthly Labor Review 110, 17-23.Google Scholar
  14. Holmes, Thomas and James Schmitz, 1992, ‘On the Turnover of Business Firms and Business Managers’, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for Economic Studies, Discussion Paper No. 92-6, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  15. Moore, Robert, 1983, ‘Employer Discrimination: Evidence from Self-Employed Workers’, Review of Economics and Statistics 65, 496-501.Google Scholar
  16. Nucci, Alfred, 1992, ‘The Characteristics of Business Owners Database’, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for Economic Studies, Discussion Paper No. 92-7, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  17. U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1978, ‘The Current Population Survey: Design and Methodology’, Technical Paper No. 40, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Boden
    • 1
  • Alfred R. Nucci
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MarketingThe University of ToledoToledoU.S.A
  2. 2.Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Bureau of the CensusWashingtonU.S.A

Personalised recommendations